Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Needle Stoneflies
6.    Little Yellow Quills
7.    Ants
8.    Inchworms
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Hellgrammite
12.  Craneflies
13.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)

Great Autumn Brown Sedge (Caddisfly)
This is a very late date for me to be mentioning this insect because its hatch period
is almost over. They can hatch on into November if the weather stays warm but
normally the end of October is about the time they stop hatching on the lower
elevation streams.

Many of you may not have ever seen this caddisfly. They stay in the bushes and
trees most of the day. If you want to see plenty of them, just leave a light on near
the water at night during October. You will find plenty of them. They hatch late in
the afternoon near dark and on into the night and are not usually seen unless you
fish very late. The exception is when the females deposit their eggs. This can occur
anytime from mid afternoon until dark and even earlier if it's heavily overcast.

These caddisflies build large cases out of sticks. The are in the Limnephillidae
family of caddisflies and the
Pycnopsyche genus. There are three species that are
almost identical. We have found little evidence that the trout eat their larva cases. It
is thought that's why they build them out of long sticks - to keep the trout from
eating them. These caddisflies live in fast moving, clear mountain water and the
streams of the Smokies are prefect for them. They can hatch from the first of
September up high to the end of October in the low elevations. These are also
called Fall Caddis and October Caddis but the true October Caddis is a different
western stream species. The proper common name, if there is such a thing as a
proper common name, is Great Autumn Brown Sedge.

These caddisflies crawl out of the water on the banks and rocks to shed their larva
shuck and emerge into adults. The trout don't have a chance to eat them after them
become adults until the females lay their eggs. For that reason, we think the Pupa
stage of the hatch is the most important stage to imitate. They migrate to the
shallow water near the bank before hatching and that is where and when the trout
eat most of them.

We suggest that you fish the "Perfect Fly" Pupa imitation from about mid afternoon
to late in the day. On cloudy, rainy days, start fishing the pupa fly earlier in the day.
The best presentation of the larva imitation is to cast the fly down and across near
the ends of runs and riffles as near the bank as possible. Mend the line to get it
down. Allow the fly to swing around directly downstream. Hold the tip of the rod up
high and let the fly rise back to the surface in the current. Most takes occur at this

The adults are easy to spot except they rarely fly during the day except to deposit
their eggs. It's an yellow pumpkin or cinnamon colored fly that is easy to spot. They
look like large moths in the air flying. The adult female deposits her eggs during the
late afternoon and early evening. Some think this caddisfly crawls down to the water
edge and into the water to deposit their eggs. Others say the dive into the water
and deposit them on the bottom. Yet others say they have spotted them depositing
their eggs on the surface of the water. We have seen them depositing their eggs on
the surface many times.

We suggest you fish the adult imitation late in the day, just prior to dark and early in
the morning before sunrise. Cast our "Perfect Fly" Adult near the banks along the
stream, in moderate to slow moving water, not the fast water of the runs and riffles.
This will let you imitate those that are crawling in the water near the banks.

To imitate those that deposit their eggs on the surface, cast the fly near the tail end
of the riffles and runs, where the fast water first begins to first slow down. Allow the
fly to drift drag free.

Copyright 2010
"Perfect Fly" Great Autumn Brown Sedge Pupa. Hook Size 10
"Perfect Fly" Great Autumn Brown Sedge Adult. Hook Size 10