Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (See Below)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies - Summer Stones
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Ants
6.    Inchworms
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Hellgrammite
10.  Cranefly
11.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12.  Cream Cahills

Little Yellow Quill Duns:
The Little Yellow Quill Dun shown below is the fly we use most often to imitate these
little mayflies. These are hook size 16 mayflies that hatch just below the surface of
the water so they don't fly away quite as quickly as some mayflies. It takes a few
seconds for them to dry their wings. However, they don't usually hatch is large
quantities in a short period of time. The hatch strings out for an hour or two and
seems to continue for several days in any one section of the stream. As mentioned
in a previous article, they could be different species because the four common
species are very difficult to tell apart. In fact it takes a microscope to do that, so it
could be that more than one species hatching is what causes the hatch to seem to
continue for a longer than normal time for clinger mayflies. I have only identified two
species but others may exist. In many other locations in the East, all four species
exist in the same stream and that may be the case in the Smokies.

Within the next few days, you should start seeing these duns show up in the little
streams at the higher elevations. We have caught one brook trout after another on
these imitations when these mayflies are hatching. The rainbows and brook trout
really key in on the hatch. I think one reason is the fact nothing else is hatching at
the same time of the year. Short, upstream cast are all that is needed in the small

New "Perfect Fly" Stream - Pleasant River, Maine
We just added some more trout streams in the state of Maine to the Stream Section
of our "Perfect Fly" Website. One of them is the beautiful Pleasant River. It is a
shame this stream doesn't stay cooler than it does in the hot summer. It has
holdover trout but not what it should have. The many dams and lakes formed by the
dams have added to the warm water problem in many of the streams in southern
Maine. None of them are deep lakes like we have in the Southeast, so the water
discharged from the dams isn't that much cooler than the lake surface water. I'm not
sure just how this affects the Pleasant River. I just know it is a beautiful stream and
a shame it has to be stocked. It still provides some great fishing for the populated
section of Maine near Portland. Check out the
Pleasant River.

Copyright 2010 James Marsh