Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (See Below)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies - Summer Stones
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Ants
6.    Inchworms
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Hellgrammite
10.  Cranefly
11.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12.  Cream Cahills

Basics Series - Top Tips On The Species Of Trout In The Smokies

I. First Decide What Species Of Fish You Want To Catch:
I recently wrote several articles concerning each of the species of trout in the
Smokies to try to point out that fishing for each one requires different strategies,
techniques and methods. Since this is a basic series, here my only point is that you
should select one of the three species  - brook, brown or rainbow and focus on
catching it. Oh sure, you may catch more than one species or even in a very few
places have a chance to catch all three. That's beside the point though because
the more you focus on catching a particular species, the better your odds will be.

Today's Tips Are On The Brown Trout:

2. Fish Early and Late For The Browns:
Brown trout don't like bright light. Their eyes and methods of feeding depend on low
light that allows them to hide and attack their prey. You won't catch a large one
feeding on the surface during the middle of the day in bright sunlight in clear water.
Go early and stay late.

3. Fish The Brown Trout's Hideouts:
Large brown trout like to hide under boulders, undercut banks and anywhere else
they can get out of the light, hide and attack their prey. Those are the same places
you want to present your fly.

4. Fish The Pools For Brown Trout Only During Very Low Light Conditions:
You stand a better chance of catching a brown trout from a clear pool near dark or
early in the morning just after daylight. You may also have some success fishing the
pools during heavy, overcast, or dark cloudy days. The exception to this is that
some pools also have hideouts for the brown trout such as undercut banks,
crevices in and under large boulders, etc.

5. Fish For Browns When The Water Is Off Color:
When the water is stained or off color from rain or melting snow, brown trout tend to
move around a feed when they would normally be hidden. Anytime after heavy rain
makes the water dingy or stained is a good time to catch a brown trout. Don't worry
about it being too off color. Yes, it can get too muddy but many anglers avoid water
with lots of stain thinking it is too dingy. That is rarely the case.  

6. Fish For Browns When The Water Is High And Falling:
Anytime the water has been high and out of its banks in the woods and it is falling
back within the banks, its a good time to fish for brown trout. They will use the cover
of the dingy water and feed on food being washed into the stream from the woods
such as crane fly larvae, terrestrial insects, hellgrammites and other food.

7. Fish Subsurface Flies For Browns:
Yes, it is possible to catch a large brown trout on a dry fly, but it isn't probable. The
small ones will take the dry flies quite well at times but not the large ones. Your best
bet is to fish flies below the surface of the water, such as streamers and nymphs.

8. Fish The Pre-Spawn Time of the Year For Browns:
Brown trout spawn in November and December in the Smokies. October and
November are the two best months for catching brown trout in the pre-spawn stage
or just prior to the time they build redds and spawn. The brown trout tend to feed
heavier and more aggressively during this time.

9. Make Sure You Select A Stream That Has Brown Trout:
This should have been our first tip. Many streams in Great Smoky Mountains
National Park do not have brown trout. Make sure you select one that does. Our list
of streams on this website will tell you the streams that do have brown trout.

Copyright 2010 James Marsh