Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (See Below)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies - Summer Stones
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Ants
6.    Inchworms
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Hellgrammite
10.  Cranefly
11.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12.  Cream Cahills

(New Series) Top Tips On The Basics - Where and How Your Fly
Should Drift

1. Learn the Basic Types of Water In A Trout Stream:
From a very basic standpoint, there's only about four types of water in the streams
of the Smokies. The pools, pockets, riffles and runs. There are other depending on
just how much you want to break it down, but for now if you are new at it, you only
need to learn to recognize these four basic types of water. Two of them consist of
slower moving areas of water and two of them consist of fast moving areas of water.

pools are those larger, deeper areas of water that look what they are named -
pools. The surface is normally smooth. There is usually some current at the head or
upstream part of the pool where the water flows into it. The tail or downstream end
of a pool is normally smooth and shallow just before the water flows out of it.
Anywhere there is a large rock or boulder located in the current, the water flows
around it leaving a
little pool, called a pocket, directly downstream or just behind
it. The water in the pocket is usually slow flowing, almost still water.

riffle is an area of fast water flowing between the boulders and/or over rocks
where the water is normally shallow. The surface of the water will be rough and
broken. A
run is a deeper area of fast flowing water that flows between large rocks
and boulders or between large rocks and boulders and the bank. Its surface can be
broken in some areas, particularly near the head of the run, but it's overall much
smoother than a riffle. These types of water are difficult to describe with words only,
so if your are not familiar with them, we suggest you get one of our basic fly fishing
videos where you can see these different types of water
(www.flyfishingdvd.com) .

2. Analyze the stream before you make a cast:
Trout are not located or positioned just any and everywhere there's water in the
stream. They are in certain areas or certain types of water depending on whether
they are resting or feeding. As a general rule, in all but the coldest parts of the
Winter, you want to avoid the still and slow moving water and place your fly where
there's current.

3. Avoid The Pools:
When you are first getting started, avoid the pools altogether. There are plenty of
trout in the pools but they are far more difficult to catch than those feeding in the
The slower the water, the better they can see your fly is a fake.
Later on, after you have learned the basics, you can learn to fish the pools and
other areas of slower moving water.

4. Fish In An Upstream Direction:
The trout are facing into the current watching for food drifting downstream in their
direction. You want your fly to drift downstream the same as the other food. When
you cast in a downstream direction, the trout are facing in your direction and can
see you much easier than if you are positioned downstream below them. Cast in an
upstream direction and advance along the banks, or in the water if you are wading,
in an upstream direction. There are times and places you may need to make a
downstream cast, but avoid casting in that direction until you learn the basics.

5. Watch the Bubbles:
The bubbles will show you where most of the insects are drifting on the surface of
the water. Currents tend to congregate these insects and bubbles into seams.
That's also where the trout are looking for food that's drifting along on the surface.
That's exactly where you want your fly to drift.

6. Get A Drag Free Drift:
You will hear the term "drag free drift" over and over anywhere you fish for trout.
This simply means you want your fly to drift through or on top of the water at the
same speed of the current. When insects are drifting downstream in the current
they do so at the same speed of the current. The trout see these drifting insects
day in and day out. When you fly isn't drifting at the same speed of the current it
appears different, or unnatural to the trout and they may reject it as food. There will
be much more on how to accomplish a drag free drift later in the casting and
presentation sections of the basics series.

Copyright 2010 James Marsh