Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (See Below)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies - Summer Stones
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Ants
6.    Inchworms
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Hellgrammite
10.  Cranefly
11.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12.  Cream Cahills

Gulf of Mexico Oil - Out of Sight, Out of Mind!
According to the below listed entities, "what you don't know won't hurt you".
The following list is In the order of the ones that want you to believe "what you don't
know won't hurt you", the most.

BP - or British Petroleum
The Obama Administration and their right arm NBC, CBS, ABC and CNN
Anyone associated with tourism in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana,
Anyone to do with the seafood industry in the above states
Anyone that works or receives any direct benefit from any oil company
Anyone needing a job in any of the above states
The Boating Industry in the above states and their associated manufacturers, if any
are still in business after fuel crisis of two years ago or the economy for the last two
Hurting and soon to go bankrupt Charter Boat Captains
Those I'm leaving out because I am getting sick again.

Sadly and ironically, those hurt the most are forced to change from calling
the oil spill the greatest environmental disaster in the United States to
come on down, we have fixed the problem.

Let me explain by quoting the same LIE that has being told for the last few days.
Within the last two or three weeks, the millions upon millions of gallons of
(the governments best estimate rounded off to the nearest 899th percent) that
was in the Gulf before the leak was stopped, just magically disappeared.
Now, there is only one-forth of it left and they have it surrounded. Yes, it
evaporated, got broken down? and got dispersed naturally?. You 8th
grade science students tell your teacher that liquid can evaporate from
under water, even from 5000 feet of water. It doesn't have to be exposed
to the air. Yes, science has been wrong for centuries.

The million of gallons of oil and the millions of gallons of the more toxic dispersant's
used to "
SINK" the oil out of sight, out of mind, has suddenly and magically

Before anyone makes their minds up about this, lets ask the dolphin (fish and
mammals), wahoo, blackfin tuna, bluefin tuna, yellowfin tuna, sailfish, spearfish, blue
marlin, white marlin, swordfish, bonita, jack cravelle, king mackerel, barracuda,
spanish mackerel, cobia or ling they are called there, tarpon and other migratory
and pelagic species. Then lets ask the triggerfish, red snapper, black snapper,
vermilion snapper, white snapper, spade fish, shark, red grouper, black grouper,
warsaw grouper, amberjack, and other reef fish. Then lets ask the inshore species
that spawn and/or move in and out of the Gulf in places like South Pass and cuts
through the Chandelier Islands (for example) such as the speckled trout and redfish.

Lets ask the marine biologist that are associated with the Gulf after they have
had a chance to measure the affects of it. Lets ask everyone involved ten years
from now and again twenty years from now.

Ask yourself right now if you think
the millions of gallons of oil and dispersant's
that is below the surface of the Gulf of Mexico is going to have any affect
on anything.
Do you think it will effect the food chain including the little stuff the
baitfish and squid feed on?

According to NOAA, the agency ordered to (my opinion) to spin the report
•about 8 percent broken down by chemical dispersants
•about 16 percent dispersed naturally in the water
What the heck does that mean?
Even if they are right and only one-forth remains in the Gulf, do the math and you
will see it is still larger than the Exxon Valdez spill.
Jane Lubchenco, NOAA administrator, said in a statement released with the report
the disappearance of the oil does not mean that "there isn't oil still in
the water column
or that our beaches and marshes aren't still at risk. Again, out
of sight, out of mind. Why the "Spin on the oil spill".
It's election time in two

Spawning Brown Trout - Part 3
If you want to catch a large WILD brown trout, then the Smokies is one place you
can do just that and the middle of October is about the time to start trying. I say
"about" the time to start trying because two years ago, I started looking for large
browns moving upstream in Little River and couldn't find the first one. A couple of
years before that at the same time of the month I spotted several not even trying to
find them, just dry fly fishing. It varies as I mentioned a couple of days ago.
However, as you will read below, the trout feed heavily before the spawn begins.

The life of a fish for an entire year can be broken down into three stages of time -
pre-spawn, spawn and post-spawn. The term "pre-spawn" is normally used to mean
the month or two before the fish are actually on their beds or redds they are called
in the case of trout. The term "spawning time" gets a little mixed up by outdoor
writers and anglers. It generally means the time the fish are actually preparing their
beds or redds, laying and fertilizing their eggs, and guarding the eggs until they
hatch. It could also mean the time the fish are trying to locate spots to deposit their
eggs. The term "post-spawn" is generally used to mean after the time the eggs
have hatched. The problem with all of this, as I mentioned in a previous article, is
that the average angler doesn't know which stage the fish are actually in. This is
particularily true of brown trout.

The time that all fish seem to feed heavily are the days just prior to the spawn. It
varies from species to species but it's nature's way of preparing the fish with the
energy they will need to locate their spawning areas and be able to spend their time
focused on raising their young. This is also when the females get larger in weight
because of their eggs. Both the male and females tend to feed heavily just prior to
the start of the spawn. Generally speaking, most all species don't eat during the
time they are spawning. They may go for days without eating when they are in the
actually spawning process. They do protect or guard their eggs during this time and
may well take a fly or lure just to kill or get rid of it.

Depending on the species of fish, prior to the actual spawn or before they are on
their redds, they tend to become aggressive towards other fish. They will often hit a
fly or lure when their purpose obviously isn't to eat the food it imitates. Brown trout
especially tend to become very aggressive during this period of time. They also
loose a lot of their normal caution and tend to expose themselves much more than
they normally would. Most of the time the trout move upstream looking for the
perfect place to spawn. Some say they go back to the same spot they were born but
I don't know if this has been proven or not. Salmon do, of course, but I'm not certain
if this is a fact when it comes to brown trout. It could even be stream specific in
nature. I just know  they move about and mostly at night.

In the case of Yellowstone National Park, where I have more experience actually
fishing during the brown trout spawn than the Smokies, they will move out of
Hebgen Lake upstream miles away to spawn. They will move all the way to the
upper end of the Madison River and even up into the Gibbon River to the falls. A
few usually move up into the Firehole River Canyon as far as the falls. They move
through the miles of shallow riffles at night, or at least during very low light
conditions. I also know for a fact (because of the state of Montana's field test or
capturing and keeping up with this migration), when the water is very low the brown
trout delay their migration. These are lake fish, used to deep water, but I wonder
just how the water level affects the upstream movement in the Smokies. I'm not sure
if it delays or affects the movement or not. I'll bet it affects the times they move,
meaning I think it probably means they tend to move only at night if the water is very

I do know they can sometimes be spotted during the day, right out in the middle of
the streams. I have located several large ones fully exposed but far too often, I
found them by spooking them. Again, in this case I'm not referring to brown trout on
their redds. I am referring to brown trout moving upstream during the daylight hours.
Having said this, I feel sure most of the trout that move upstream in the Smokies, do
so during the nighttime or at least in very low light conditions.

Keep in mind that during the pre-spawn period, prior to these brown trout moving
upstream, they will feed more than normal. You can fish their normal hiding places
and have better success than you normally would at other times during the year.
Anytime during October and on through November is a good time to catch these
brown trout feeding heavily. You still must fish the low light conditions. They won't
be out exposed eating anything they can find. They will still be hidden during the
day and especially when it's a clear, bright day. This is a great time to use
streamers. Streamers imitate baitfish and the hungry and beginning to be
aggressive browns will eat them very well just prior to the spawn.


Copyright 2010 James Marsh