Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies - Summer Stones
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Cream Cahills
6.    Little Green Stoneflies
7.    Ants
8.    Inchworms
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Hellgrammite
12.  Cranefly
13.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)

Advice on Fishing Techniques, Strategies and Methods - Part 13
Continued from part 12

Continuing with scouting the water for large brown trout, keep in mind most of the
time you are not as likely to spot the brown trout you are looking for as you are the
place it's hiding. By the way, I'm not referring to looking for the browns during the
spawning season. That's a completely different situation when they are often
moving upstream and fully exposed. When they are not spawning, they are usually
out of sight. You will need to spend a lot more time searching for their hideouts than
fishing. Be sure to use the right shade of polarized sunglasses for the light

Get the highest vantage point you can find, but don't stand up in full view of the fish
and move around. You will spook them all in a heart beat. Crawl up on the highest
rock and keep your profile hidden until you can just peek over the rock and check
the stream. If this isn't possible, use the cover of a large tree. Move as slowly as
possible. Remember, fish will spot movement quicker than anything. Also remember,
that if you spook one fish or any kind, you may likely spook the large brown trout
you are looking for. Fish shooting for cover alerts the others something is wrong.
Try to avoid the sky as the background for the trout to view you against. The trees
are much better, especially if you dress in similar shades of colors.

You have to give up trying to catch numbers of trout when you do this. You may not
catch any and you won't catch several large ones unless you just happen to be the
luckiest man in the World. Again, you should spend more time seaching than fishing.

Another way to find the hideouts is from spooking trout. You will spook some large
ones just about every time you spend a day wading a stream than has brown trout.
You may not see them, but you will spook them for sure. If you do see one, mark the
location by making mental notes of it or better, using a GPS receiver. I often fish
with a small watch type GPS receiver. You can push one button and mark the
location of anything without any additional effort or lost time fishing.

When you do fish the likely hideouts you have found, keep in mind that you don't
have to fish a large nymph to catch one. They are more likely to eat the normal size
stonefly or mayfly nymphs. I know many of you want believe me but using a large fly
will not increase your odds of catching a large fish. In fact, on the averae, it will
lower the odds. There is one point about small flies I should make. If you fish too
small of a fly and use the right size tippet for it, you stand a good chance of loosing
the fish. You won't land many large brown trout on a 6X tippet in the Smokies. A
brown would take you far downstream if you managed to keep it on. You don't want
to overdo the small fly thing. On the other hand, a hook size 4 nymph will give you
less opportunities
even though it may catch one and give you the lifetime
impression that large flies catch large trout.
That's exactly why many are hard
to convince about this subject.  Elephants do eat peanuts. Large 600 pound marlin
usually have their stomachs full of six inch squid. Large brown trout usually have
stomachs full of midge larvae and pupae, small mayfly and stonefly nymphs, and
probably some small fish and crayfish. In the Smokies, they get big eating other fish
but they still eat lots of the small stuff. Also, keep in mind I have yet to discuss
fishing streamers. They are also a fly you want to use to catch a large brown trout.
You are not imitating insects when you use a streamer and as far as size goes,
streamers should match the size and type of the food supply. I'll get into that