Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Short Horned Sedges
3.    American March Browns
4.    Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies) (Abrams Creek)
5.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
6.    Little Sister Caddisflies (Abrams Creek)
7.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
8.    Sulphurs
9.    Little Yellow Stoneflies -Yellow Sallies
10.  Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
11.  Giant Stoneflies
12.  Light Cahills
13.  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
14.  Midges

Eastern Pale Evening Dun Emergers
The Eastern Pale Evening Dun nymphs emerge in moderately flowing water as I
have previously stated. They usually hatch in the afternoons between 4:00 and 7:00
P. M. in the Smokies.  When the nymphs are ready to emerge, they propel
themselves to the surface and shed their nymphal shucks.

Imitations of the "Perfect Fly" Eastern Pale Evening Dun Emerger, and Emerger
with the trailing shuck, should be presented in the surface skim of the slower moving
water adjacent to the ends and current seams along the ripples and runs where the
crawler nymphs are found.

Although we use an up and across presentation, a down and across, on the swing
presentation is often the best way to get the fly to trout feeding on the emerging
nymphs in some situations. It strictly depends on the water. It is very easy to spook
the fish feeding on the emergers. The areas they emerge are not covered with fast,
broken surface water and you have to use plenty of caution in approaching these
smoother water areas.

Gulf of Oil - Why It Is Being Taken Lightly?
First a note about these articles:
I know this site is supposed to be about fly fishing the Great Smoky Mountains. I
apologise to those who are not interested in the Gulf of Oil articles I am doing.
However, I feel that many of you fly fish the Gulf Coast and those that don't, may
one day want to. I also feel all of you are close to the environment and have a
distaste for damage done to it.

Gulf of Oil:
Although you can see daily news reports about the oil in the Gulf of Mexico, the
reports usually speak of the
potential danger of the oil should it reach the beach
or should it get into the Louisiana wetlands. Few reports mention the current
devastation that exist in the offshore blue water.

Occasionally the new media shows maps of the oil on the surface of the water that
can be seen from the air, but I have yet to see a map that shows the oil that is below
the surface. That's probably because the extent of it is unknown. Only recently have
they mentioned the fact that there are huge layers of oil that's below the surface.
These layers are not on the bottom in 5000 feet of water, although there's probably
plenty of it there. These layers are at various depths, depending on many things.

Another big factor in the extent of the damage is the fact the amount of oil being
released into the water comes from estimates made by BP. Although I have some
respect for the United States Coast Guard and the USGS people's evaluation of the
amount of oil being released, I speculate it too comes from information obtained
from BP. I don't know how the Coast Guard could possible evaluate it on their own. I
don't think they don't have their own submarines that takes pictures of the leaks.
Other than what BP submits to them and what they can see from the air, the two
government agencies have little if any other information to go by.

Several independent scientist who have analysed the video of the leak, reluctantly
submitted by BP and then only by congressional demand, argue that the extent of
the leak is anywhere from 5 to as high as 16 times the amount being reported.

What You Don't Know, Want Hurt You:
With all due respect, the average United States citizen has little more than a clue
about of the life of both plants and animals that exist further than 7 miles offshore
the beach. Other than those who happen to live close to the beach, there's only a
small percentage of the population that are ever able to see a beach. Only a tiny
percentage of those that do have the opportunity to visit or vacation on the
beaches, see beyond the line of sight to the horizon from the beach, or a distance
of about 7 miles. They only know what they find in the surf.

A very small percentage of the population have the opportunity to see the water
from a boat. Even then, over ninety percent of the boaters only see the water that is
inshore or within seven miles of the beach. The reason is simple. Only a tiny
percentage of boaters along the coast ever venture out of sight of land. Those that
take "Deep Sea Fishing" trips on charter boats, only see the water that ranges in
depths from fifty to not over 200 feet. Again, the reason is simple. That is about as
deep as the average guy can fish for the bottom species.

Those few boats who charter offshore fishing trips in the blue waters of the Gulf of
Mexico, do so only in the summer and early fall seasons. The cost averages from
fifteen hundred to two thousand dollars a day for the charter. Most of the fishing
offshore is done on private yachts. Probably not even a tenth of one percent of the
population ever has the opportunity to see the blue waters that are farther than
twenty-five or thirty miles offshore.
The bottom line is that only very few
citizens of this country ever get to see the Gulf's waters beyond the
continental shelf or to be more specific, ever get to see the water where
most of the oil currently is killing, in my opinion, millions of offshore
species of marine life
. I have spent many days of my life fishing the blue waters of
the Western Hemisphere, many of which was in the Gulf of Mexico. I know I have
spent at least 100 days in the same area of water that is now covered or layered
with oil.

In my very layman way of putting it, I think anything that tends to unbalance nature
has severe consequences. I could give many examples of this very thing. I have
witnessed the reduction in the numbers of shark in the Gulf and the resulting
explosion of what I call trash fish normally eaten by the sharks. In the 1980's, I  
witnessed the gill netting of king mackerel in the Keys, used for commercial dog and
cat food, deplete the population of king in the northern Gulf to the point I once tried
to bet a Destin Charter boat captain, he couldn't catch one king mackerel in a day.  
He wouldn't take the bet.

I think the results of the BP oil leak is already hundreds of times worse
than what it is thought to be by the average U. S. Citizen.
Let me just name
one example of the devastation:

Bluefin Tuna, the World's most valuable fish, in terms of money, only spawn in two
places in the entire World - the Mediterranean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. The
timing of the leak was just right to catch the spawn. Grown blue-fin tuna are flown
each day to Japan and are worth several thousand dollars each. They are used for

I can give many, many other examples of "what you don't know want hurt you" with
regard to this tragedy and over the next several days, you can count on me doing
just that.
Perfect Fly Eastern Pale Evening Dun Emerger
Perfect Fly Eastern Pale Evening Dun
Emerger with Trailing Shuck