Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Little Black Winter Stoneflies
3.   Quill Gordon Mayflies
4.   Blue Quill Mayflies
5.   Little Brown Stoneflies
6.   Little Black Caddis (American Grannoms)
7.   Hendricksons and Red Quills
8.   Little Short Horned Sedges
9.   American March Brown
10. Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies)
11. Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12  Midges

Cinnamon Sedges (Caddis) - Larva Presentation:
As mentioned yesterday, the larvae of the Cinnamon Sedges are present
throughout the year to some extent. Right now, almost all of them are in the streams
because they haven't begin to hatch, or they are just starting. Fishing an imitation
now is a good idea provided something better isn't happening, or a hatch isn't
underway. Also, as mentioned before, this caddisfly is very plentiful in Abrams
Creek, although it is present in most all the streams. You have to keep in mind that
there are several different species of them that will hatch at different times, so there
will be Cinnamon Caddis larvae in the streams until Fall.

The best presentation is to fish the fly just like you would a nymph and that is on the
bottom. I keep hearing and reading things that indicate on certain days you should
fish a nymph on the bottom and then at other times fish it as a dropper below
another surface fly. Okay, I am sure maybe one out of a thousand grown nymphs
that are not in the process of emerging may be found in the stream drifting at mid
stream on that is not on the bottom, but that would be about the extent of it. The
exact same thing is true of caddisfly larvae. They are also on the bottom, not up in
the water column.
In other words, to fish a nymph up in the water column
anytime other than during a mayfly hatch is pure stupid in my book although
it will catch a few trout
. Nymphs that are not trying to reach the surface of the
water to hatch are on the bottom. Yes, there is such a thing as a behavioral drift
that occurs mostly always at nighttime. Even then, our drift nets have come up with
very, very few nymphs and when they did, the nymphs were tiny. We also catch very
few caddisfly larvae that way.

Fish your imitation of the Cinnamon Sedge larvae (and all other caddisfly larvae and
mayfly nymphs) on the bottom unless you are trying to imitate emerers during a
hatch. If the insect isn't hatching, fish them on the bottom all the time. i know fishing
a dropper nymph or larva is an easy, lazy way to "watch you float - or your dry fly
used as an indicator" but it is not that effective. It is also not as effective as fishing
an emerging nymph during a hatch because the nymph drifts at a constant depth
when the emergers are accenting from the bottom to the surface to hatch.

You can use the "high stickin" method to fish the Cinnamon Sedge larva imitation as
well as any other caddisfly larva or mayfly nymph. All in all, it is the most effective
way but does require a lot of effort.

Guides use the dry fly dropper rig because it makes it easier for their customers to
detect strikes. As a general rule, most of their customers are not experienced
enough to fish otherwise. Rather than spending the day teaching them how to fish
the right way, (if the guide actually knows how) they just tie on a dropper fly and let
them watch their "float". When it sinks, they yell "set the hook". If you want to
improve you fishing, fish imitations of mayfly nymphs or caddisfly larvae that are not
surfacing to hatch, on the bottom. You can't keep the fly on the bottom with a dry fly
on the surface floating it or a strike indicator either one, for that matter. Learn to
watch your line and leader and to feel the fly all the time and you will catch a lot
more trout. This takes concentration but nothing much more than that. It allows you
to get the fly down to where the trout are feeding on the nymphs and larvae.

Now don't confuse what i am writing about with depth. On the bottom could be in one
foot of water or ten feet deep. What you don't want to do, is fish the nymph or larva
imitation mid depths or at a constant depth although it will fool a few trout in the fast