Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Little Black Winter Stoneflies
3.   Quill Gordon Mayflies
4.   Blue Quill Mayflies
5.   Little Brown Stoneflies
6.   Little Black Caddis (American Grannoms)
7.   Hendricksons and Red Quills
8.   Little Short Horned Sedges
9.   American March Brown
10. Cinnamon Sedges (Caddisflies)
11. Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
12  Midges

Cinnamon Sedges (Caddis) - Larvae:
As mentioned, the Cinnamon caddis are net-spinning caddisflies that construct tiny
nets on the bottom and rocks to catch their food. The larvae stay in a type of shelter
built on the rocks. When they feed, they suspend themselves out on a silk line to
acquire food from their nets. These little nets are almost impossible to see with the
naked eye because when you pick up a rock from the bottom of the stream, the nets
collapse and become almost invisible. The current holds the little nets in place
almost like a parachute except it lies sideways and faces the current, not the bottom.
The little Cinnamon Sedge larvae are little worm like
creatures that look similar to the Green Sedge larva,
called the  Rock Worm. The easy way to tell them
apart is that the Cinnamon Sedge larvae have three
dark plates behind their heads covering the body
segments. The Green Sedge larvae have only one.
You really can't see the dark plates in these images
but you can the segments.
The Rock Worm, or
Green Sedge larvae are
free living. They don't
built nets or cases. They
roam around on the
bottom and feed. These
will hatch in the near
future and we will be
covering them later but
for now, imitations of the
larvae work great
anytime.. They are very
plentiful in the Smokies.
Above are two images of
the Cinnamon Sedge
By the way, do you want to know why the Green Weenie works so well in the Great
Smoky Mountain National Park and works even when Moth larvae are not even
present in the trees and falling into the stream? Well, the answer is right before
your eyes. In the fast water, the trout have a difficult time distinguishing the rock
worms or net spinning caddis larvae from the inch worms, or Moth larvae. Of
course, the better your fly imitates the real thing the greater the odds of fooling the
trout. I'm not suggesting you use a Green Weenie to imitate these. I am just
pointing out that the trout can easily take the little worm looking Green Weenie fly
for on of these in the fast water.
This is our "Perfect Fly"
Cinnamon Sedge Larva Fly
that you should use. The
image is a thumbnail. Click
it to enlarge the picture.
This is our "Perfect Fly"
Green  Sedge Larva Fly or
Rock Worm. The image is
a thumbnail. Click it to
enlarge the picture.
I got off into the Rock Worms, or Green Sedges before they hatch but the larvae
are present now and the fly is a good one to use now. Fish it just like a nymph, or
on the bottom.
I will go over when, where and how to fish the Cinnamon Caddis larva fly tomorrow.