Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Little Black Winter Stoneflies
3.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
4.   Midges

Basics of Fly Fishing - Trout Food Series - Stoneflies - Part 4

I may as well get into the next and final stage of fly fishing the Winter and the Early
Brown Stonefly hatches that occur in the Smokies. I hope you have been keeping
up but if not, you can always review the articles by clicking the
"articles" link at the
top of the normal pages of this website.

The Little Winter Stoneflies are difficult to see when they are depositing their eggs.
It isn't often you will notice them, but if you fish late in the afternoons during the
winter and watch the water carefully, you sometimes will.

I was looking over a local fly fishing blog, which I rarely do and never comment or
respond on, and noticed more than once some local anglers gave this advice. They
said something like "when you see the Yellow Sallies or stoneflies start laying their
eggs, select a caddisfly pattern to match them and fish it".
That is just about the
stupidest thing I have ever read about fly fishing.
I would expect it more so
from a new guy that may think a Yellow Sally is a caddisfly, but coming (in one case)
from a so called "fly fishing guide", I couldn't believe it. The poor sole probably
doesn't know the difference in a stonefly and a caddisfly. If that works folks, then
why even worry about what's hatching. If a mayfly is hatching, select a stonefly.
Select one from Ebay, order a few dozen and you have got it made forever. That
would save a lot of trouble and a lot of money. Just pick something like a "Blue
goat's butt tail" fly and have at it. Why would you ever need to change flies during
the year? I guess that is some of the crap you sometimes find on the fly fishing

When these stoneflies start depositing their eggs, the trout will try to eat them
wherever they can but for the most part, they tend to eat them near the ends of the
riffles and runs where they tend to collect. They deposit their eggs on the surface of
the water. The trout sometimes try to eat them when they are in the process of
dipping down and touching the water to knock their eggs off, or in the fast water.
This is usually indicated by a loud and visible splash that can be seen and heard
even in rough, fast water.

Copyright 2010 James Marsh
Our "Perfect Fly"
Little Winter
Stonefly Adult. It
has a foam body,
soft legs and  
Raffia Wings.
Our "Perfect Fly"
Little Brown
Stonefly Adult. It
has a foam body,
soft legs and  
Raffia Wings.
Click Image
Click Image