Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Little Black Winter Stoneflies
3.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
4.   Midges

Basics of Fly Fishing - Trout Food Series - Stoneflies - Part 2

As mentioned yesterday, stonefly nymphs are eaten far more than the adults.
Unlike many anglers think, they are not readily available for the trout to eat at any
time. They stay hidden most of their life in places the trout cannot easily acquire
them. When it begins to get close to the time they hatch, they move from beneath
the rocks on the bottom of the fast water runs and riffles to near the banks and
nearby boulders that protrude out of the water. This movement starts a few days
before they actually hatch. At that point in time, they are very subject to being eaten
by trout.

The Little Winter stoneflies, or Capniidae species, are hatching now in the Smokies.
I am combining them with the Early Brown Stoneflies (
Strophopteryx genus) and the
Early Black Stoneflies (
Taeniopteryx) species because they will begin to hatch any
day now. There is little difference in them other than hook size and most
importantly, they all crawl out of the water to hatch.

The Little Winter Stonefly nymph on your right is only a
hook size 16 or 18. It depends on the species you are
imitating. Most of them are size 18. Most anglers have a
much larger nymph in mind when they are thinking
stoneflies. These are our "Perfect Fly" Stonefly nymphs.
These are very durable flies even though you may guess
otherwise. These are thumbnail images, so click on them
the see a much large image of them.

The Early Brown Stonefly on your right, range from a
hook size 12 or 14, mostly 14 in the early part of the
season. Considering the cold weather we have had, these
probably want start to hatch for another couple of weeks.
You will often see them crawling around on the blacktop
payment during the early season. I assume they are
attracted to the heat since black holds heat longer than
other colored objects.

Either of these two stonefly nymphs are a great choice now. The Early Browns will
be around anytime from now until the weather turns warm or about the third week of
April. I will go over the most effective ways, times of day and places to fish these
nymphs tomorrow.

Copyright 2010 James Marsh
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