Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Little Black Winter Stoneflies
3.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
4.   Midges

Current Conditions in the Smokies:
I don't think the conditions, meaning stream levels and the water temperature, could
possible get much better at this time of year than they are now. I'm not suggesting
you should drop what you are doing, take vacation and head for the Smokies today,
I'm just pointing out the water is in great condition compared to what it could be at
this time of the year.

There's a chance of rain ranging from 10 to 65 percent throughout the day. The low
temperature last night (it is actually still night because I am get up at 5:00 AM at the
latest) will be 43 degrees. The high today at Gatlinburg will be 56 degrees. In case
you are new at fly fishing the Smokies, something you may take note of is when the
low temperatures stay well above the freezing levels during the night, the water has
a decent chance of being suitable during the day. Or I guess I should say, when the
air temperatures reach below freezing during the night, the water usually doesn't
warm up all that much even though the air temperatures may reach the fifties during
the day. Changes in the water temperature don't occur near as fast as changes in
the air temperature.

New GPS Satellite and Aerial Imagery:
I wanted to correct something that I wrote yesterday that could be confusing. I didn't
catch it until this morning when I was reviewing what was posted yesterday. I
mentioned the new Garmin GPS satellite and aerial imagery could be zoomed down  
anywhere from a 20 mile to a 20 foot scale. I should have added "per pixel". You
cannot zoom down to a 20 foot scale as such. You need a few pixels to make
anything out on an LCD display. They do zoom very well and this can make a huge
difference when you are looking for certain objects or features.  Exactly how much,
depends on the resolution of the particular Garmin display you are using.

Basics of Fly Fishing - Trout Food Series - Mayflies - Part 9
Today's article gets into emerging Blue-winged Olives during the early season
hatches. Often, anglers fishing these little mayflies hatches can be more successful
fishing a fly that imitates the emerging nymphs than they can a fly that imitates the

The reason for this is the early season hatches often occur at relatively low water
temperatures. They can hatch when the water temperature is anywhere from the
mid forties to the low fifties. When the water temperature is in the mid forties, the
trout are often reluctant to rise to the surface to take a fly. The trout are not very
active at that temperature. When the water reaches the low fifties, they will usually
take flies from the surface very well.
Part 9 Continues

Copyright 2010 James Marsh