Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Great Brown Autumn Sedge
3.   Little Yellow Quills
4.   Needle Stoneflies
5.   Crane Flies
6.   Hellgrammite
7.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
8.   Midges

Stream and Lake Destinations - Little Manistee River, Michigan
For the past few days, we have linked streams in Michigan that are tributaries of the
Great Lakes that have steelhead fishing as well as trout. I will continue with the
LIttle Manistee River, another fine trout stream with a spring and fall run of

This stream has excellent trout fishing but most anglers consider it a Chinook
Salmon and steelhead river.

New (Old) Midge Flies:
We have added several standard midge flies to our "Perfect Fly" website that have
been around for some time. One of the newer ones is the
Brassie Midge

According to an article written by Ed Engle in "Fly Tyer magazine", the South Platte
Brassie was originated by Gene Lynch, Ken Chandler, and Tug Davenport in the
1960’s for use on the South Platte River near Denver, Colorado. I have read where
it is supposed to imitate a small cased caddis, although I have yet to see much

If you are a fan of the Brassie midge fly, then
you can purchase them here in hook
sizes 18 and 20 delivered to your front door in any quantity you want for only $.79
each. By the way, these are not substandard flies. These are top quality flies that
you pay twice that price for in most fly shops.

Basics of Fly Fishing:
Leaders - Part 5

Everyone probably knows that a tapered leader (a non-level leader) has a butt end
that is the largest part of the leader, one or more mid sections, and a small end or
tippet section. Tapered leaders are designated by their tippet size. If the leader is
made in a factory, the size of the leader material that is used in these sections of
the leader is determined by the manufacturer. If an angler is constructing the
leader, they determine the size and strength of each section of the leader.

Most of the butt sections represent at least forty percent of the overall length of the
leader. If the butt section is much shorter, the leader tends to cast poorly. Heavier
butt sections tend to cast better but the key is for the leader to gradually taper
down to the size of its tippet portion.

If the leader is hand made, as many as eight to ten segments, each sequential one
a smaller size, may be used in making
a nine foot long tapered leader. The butt
section may use three different sizes of line. For example, the butt may have 24
inches of .020 diameter line, 20 inches of .017 line, and 14 inches of .015 line. This
would make the butt part a total of 58 inches (out of 108 total inches) long. This
would represent about 54% of the overall length of the leader.

The mid section of this leader may have as many as four sections of leader starting
with a 8 inch long, .013 section, then a 6 inch long, .010 section, then a 6 inch long,
.008 section, and finally n a 6 inch long, .007 section. The entire mid section of the
leader represents 24% of the overall length.

The tippet section of this leader may consist of 24 inches of .005 tippet, or a 6X
tippet size. The tippet part would represent 22% of the overall length of the leader.

Now keep in mind that this particular 9 foot leader could be made up a number of
different ways. Also, keep in mind that this same 9 foot leader may be used on a 2
weight line or a 7 weight fly line. The fly rod casting it may have a very fast action or
a very slow action. The variables go on and on.

If this same leader is made in a factory, it can be tapered down gradually from the
larger butt end size of line down to the tippet section. It wouldn't step down in
segments like the hand tied leader would. When you purchase one factory made,
you are using the specifications the particular manufacturer thought best for that
length and size of leader. A manufacturer may make one with the same basic
specifications outlined above for the hand tied leader, but that is eleven feet long
(instead of nine) that uses a 4 foot tippet section of .005 line, which is a 6X tippet
size, and call it a "Spring Creek" leader. You can see that a leader can be made
using an infinitesimal number of specifications. Continued............

Copyright 2009 James Marsh