Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Great Brown Autumn Sedge
3.   Slate Drakes
4.   Little Yellow Quills
5.   Needle Stoneflies
6.   Crane Flies
7.   Hellgrammite
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
9.   Midges

Stream and Lake Destinations - Au Sable River, Michigan
Yesterday, we linked the Pere Marquette River in Michigan, showing you one of our
new stream sections in our "Perfect Fly" Website. We selected that stream because
the steelhead fishing is smack in the middle of its prime season. It's not the only
Michigan stream with steelhead action in full swing at the time. The
Au Sable
River, a stream noted more for its fine trout fishing and hatches of the huge Hex
mayflies (Great Olive Winged Duns) than steelhead, also provides some great
steelhead action during the late fall and winter months.

The Au Sable River should be known for one other thing that is important to all trout
streams in the nation.
It was were Trout Unlimited was first organized. The
story goes that sixteen men meet at the cottage of Mr. George Griffith, on the banks
of the Au Sable River in 1959 and formed Trout Unlimited.

New (Old) Midge Flies:
We have added several midge flies to our "Perfect Fly" website that have been
around for some time. One of the newer ones is the
WD 40. I understand that a
guide named Mark Engler came up with this fly for use on the Frying Pan River in
Colorado in 1982. The WD came from the W-wood D-duck feathers he used on the
wing cases and tails of the fly.

It is supposed to imitate a Blue-winged Olive nymph, or a midge. I think it does a fair
job of imitating a midge pupa or larva, but not so well for the BWO nymph. In fact, it
doesn't look anything like a BWO nymph. It is also used for the Trico hatch,
imitating a Trico emerger or nymph. It certainly doesn't look like a Trico nymph. It
does catch trout and I think mostly because it is a fairly good imitation of a common
midge larva. .

If you are a fan of the WD 40 midge fly, then
you can purchase them here in hook
sizes 18, 20 and 22, delivered to your front door in any quantity you want for only
$.79 each. By the way, these are not substandard flies. These are top quality flies
that you pay twice the price for in most fly shops and most anywhere else. They are
not tied in sweat shops like many of the flies sold by the "so called" quality fly
companies that have been around for a long time distributing flies to the typical fly

Basics of Fly Fishing:
Leaders - Part 3

Yesterday, we went over monofilament nylon, fluorocarbon, and a combination of
both materials that are used for leaders. The bottom line is that when you select a
certain type of nylon, or fluorocarbon material for making a leader, or one already
made using those materials, you have to compromise on some things. If you want
the leader to be very resistant to abrasion, you need a hard material. When you
select a hard material, you have selected one that isn't very pliable, or soft. It may
affect the way a fly drifts. It wouldn't be very forgiving and it would have a low
elasticity. If you select one that is soft and pliable, it wouldn't resist abrasions very

Most factory made leaders don't tell you much about the material. They try to dazzle
you by adding a lot of lipstick to the marketing effort. Some of them want you to
think you need a special leader for every species of fish that exist - a carp leader,
bonefish leader, brown trout leader, shad leader, etc. Other manufacturers want
you to think one leader is good for everything from shark to brook trout. Orvis
insults your intelligence with "
Supper Strong leaders". Have you noticed that they
sell them in sizes that have strengths ranging from 2.5 pounds test (7X) up to 12.5
pound test, or 0X. Just how supper strong is a 2.5 pound test leader? If it was real
strong, you would think it would test more than 2.5 pounds.
Seems like maybe
Orvis should call that one a supper weak leader
. If you need a supper strong
leader then why not just purchase the 12.5 pound test leader. Why have all the
others. They claim it balances the elasticity, knot strength, and suppleness in such
a way that it is the best leader you can buy, BUT FOR WHAT? No where in their
great ads do they say what it should be used for. They do say "
This leader has
the highest breaking strength of any nylon fly fishing leader material
That is the stupidest statement I have ever read about a fishing
Does their 7X leader break at a higher strength than a leader made from
Ande 100# test nylon? If it does, it isn't a 7X, 2.5 pound test leader is it? Continued..

Copyright 2009 James Marsh