Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Great Brown Autumn Sedge
3.   Slate Drakes
4.   Little Yellow Quills
5.   Needle Stoneflies
6.   Crane Flies
7.   Hellgrammite
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
9.   Midges

Current Stream Conditions in the Smokies:
It is still very warm for this time of the year. Water temperatures are almost perfect.
The stream levels have dropped into fishable conditions. The larger streams are
still dangerous to wade. Most of the small streams are high but still very much
fishable. Hopefully, the brown trout can finish their spawning process without
interruption from too much water or greedy anglers.

Rain showers are in the forecast for the next two days with chances ranging
anywhere from 40% to 80% depending on who you believe. Just how much this is
going to change the stream levels is anyone's guess as of now. Hopefully, not much
but if it does rain very much, it will have an adverse effect for sure.

If you can get out today, your odds would be good fishing the small brook trout
streams or the larger streams, provided you do it carefully and use the right
strategies. You should be able to catch trout on dry flies today.
USGS Little River Stream Levels and Flows

Stream and Lake Destinations - Pere Marquette River, Michigan
Yesterday, we linked the famous Salmon River in New York in our new "Perfect Fly"
stream destination section for you to see. New York isn't the only state that borders
the Great Lakes with great steelhead and salmon fishing. The
Pere Marquette River
in Michigan will rank up there with any of them. Wild steelhead are in the river now
and will be there all winter. If you get tired of casting for steelhead you can move
upstream and have a shot at some huge wild brown trout as well as the steelhead.
By the way, the Pere Marquette River was
the very first place in the United
States that German Brown trout were stocked
. Up until then, there were no
brown trout in this country. Now and for the past many years, the browns are all wild.

New (Old) Midge Flies:
We have added several midge flies to our Perfect Fly website that have been
around for years. One of them is the
Serendipity. The one shown in the picture is
an olive one but we have them in red and black as well as olive. The story is that a
gentleman named Ross A. Merigold introduced the fly to Craig Mathews, owner of
the Blue Ribbon Fly Shop in West Yellowstone, Montana, back in the late 1980's.
That's about all it took for the fly to become famous. It is supposed to imitate a
midge larva or pupa as well as a caddis larva.

If you are a fan of the serendipity midge fly, then
you can purchase them here in
hook sizes 18 and 20, delivered to your front door in any quantity you want for only
.79 each.

Basics of Fly Fishing:
Leaders - Part 2

Leaders are usually made of either monofilament, fluorocarbon, or a combination of
both. In either case, the material isn't always the same. It can change in diameter
and strength, of course, but just as important, it can change in hardness (how well it
resist abrasion) and how flexible and elastic it is. Leaders can be hand tied or
purchased as factory made, tapered leaders that range from being hard and
extremely resistant to abrasion, to soft and very subject to damage from abrasion.
For example, you would want a leader that was very resistant to abrasion if you
were fishing around saltwater pilings where barnacles can cut your line easily. You
would also want it for fish that have sharp teeth. The mono or fluorocarbon material
should be hard in this case. If the leader material is hard and very resistant to
abrasion, other things are going to be compromised. Hard nylon want stretch as
well, isn't  elastic and certainly isn't soft and pliable. It is stiff and not very forgiving.

If you are using the leader for fishing small dry flies in trout in streams or lakes with
few things that are abrasive to destroy the leader material, you would prefer leader
material that was soft and pliable with some stretch and high elasticity. By the way,
elasticity is the ability of a material to return to its original shape. A leader that
stretched and wouldn't return to its original shape, would be worthless. A leader that
would stretch slightly, wouldn't break as easily as one of equal strength that
wouldn't stretch at all. This means that whenever you choose a leader, you are
choosing a material that compromises those characteristics. Continued tomorrow...

Copyright 2009 James Marsh