Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Great Brown Autumn Sedge
3.   Slate Drakes
4.   Little Yellow Quills
5.   Needle Stoneflies
6.   Crane Flies
7.   Helligramite
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
9.   Midges

11:50 AM note: I forgot the link this morning...........
Stream and Lake Destinations - Salmon River, New York
According to our email, and large amount of daily activity on our site, we think most
of you enjoy reading about other fly fishing destinations as well as the Smokies. I
am almost late in mentioning the
Salmon River in upstate New York. November is
the best month to catch the steelhead; however, they can be caught all winter long
if you are brave enough to fight the cold weather. At least most of the salmon
fisherman  (steelhead anglers have a different title for them) are gone. The crowds
will become smaller the colder the weather gets so there is plenty of time left.

To get there from the Smokies area of North Carolina or Tennessee, just get on
I-81 the easiest way you can and head north. Don't get off of it until you get to the
Salmon River.

Basics of Fly Fishing:
Leaders - Part 1

A leader is a smaller, thinner and invisible as possible line that connects the fly line
to the fly. A level leader, is a leader than remains the same thickness and strength
throughout its length. A tapered leader is a one that gradually decreases in size
from the end that connects to the fly line, down to the end that connects to the fly.
Tapered leaders cast much better than level leaders. Like the fly line itself, the
leader will extend out on the cast much easier if it gets smaller and lighter toward its
end. It is really just a continuation of the tapered fly line. The last few feet of a
tapered fly line gets smaller and smaller towards the end of the line and the leader
continues that transition is size from its larger butt end down to its smaller tippet end
that the fly is tied to.

In general, a tapered fly leader consists of a butt section, a mid section and a
tippet. The butt section is the heaviest part and the part you attach to the end of
the fly line. The mid section is middle section of the leader between the butt section
and the tippet section. The mid section can consist of more than one size of line
that decreases in size and strength towards the end of the leader. The tippet is the
smallest, or lightest line segment of the tapered leader that you tie the fly to.  

Leaders can be purchased pre-tapered at a factory, or you can make them yourself
by tying different sizes and strengths of leader material (line) together. Of course,
pre-tapered leaders are much more convenient to use because they save you the
time and effort in constructing a leader. They also catch fewer unwanted particles
from the water than a leader that has its sections tied together by knots. Knots tend
to collect unwanted, minute debris floating on and in the water, such as tiny pieces
of grass and slime. When that happens, the leader becomes more visible.

When most of us think of a fly leader, we think of it as necessary to provide an
almost invisible link between the larger, much more visible fly line and the fly. That
is certainly one reason for a leader but there are others. Another big reason for a
leader is to have something smaller and more flexible to tie the fly too than the fly
line itself. If the line that the fly is attached to is too stiff, it is going to affect the
action of the fly. The end of the leader (tippet) must be small and subtle enough to
allow the fly to move freely or it's action will usually be adversely affected. If it is tied
to a small dry fly, it want allow the fly to drift naturally, or drag free. If it is tied to a
streamer, a heavy tippet will not allow the streamer to move freely to imitate
whatever it was designed to imitate.

Another reason for a leader, is simply to get the fly far enough away from the fly line
to where the splash of the line hitting the water want scare the fish. The much
lighter leader and tippet section of line will land on the water with much less
disturbance than the larger fly line.

We are getting very familiar with leaders and tippets. Within the next two or three
we will have our own "Perfect Fly " leaders available for you to
. This process has already taken over a year. Don't expect any slick
marketing gimmicks from us, just the best tapered and braided leaders you can buy.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh