Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives
2.   Great Brown Autumn Sedge
3.   Slate Drakes
4.   Little Yellow Quills
5.   Needle Stoneflies
6.   Crane Flies
7.   Helligramite
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish
9.   Midges

Current Stream Conditions in the Smokies:
I am writing this early in the morning, 4:00 AM to be specific, and it's still raining.
The best I can tell from examining all the weather websites is that the rainfall
amounts have been more than originally expected. I am positive the rivers will rise
far above what the USGS real time data is currently showing on the streams exiting
from the park.

When the streams blow out, as it is called, they tend to fall right back into their
banks in a very short time. It has been a few years since the water table has been
in this good of shape and I am not certain just how fast that is going to take place.
At this point in time, meaning until the rain stops, it is still impossible to know for
certain. It should stop raining later this morning and by afternoon everyone will have
a much better shot at estimating what is going to happen to the water levels. The
final rainfall amounts will be known for the affected areas later today. You can click
on this link (
in our link section of this site) and the rainfall amounts will hopefully be
updated for locations in the park later on this morning. It appears the North Carolina
side of the park is getting the most rain as anticipated.

Stream and Lake Destinations - Missouri River, Montana:
If you haven't checked lately, please note that we have completed several more
stream destinations in our Perfect Fly Website. One of the latest to be completed is
Missouri River in Montana.

Many anglers travel to the West Yellowstone area to fish the Madison, Yellowstone
and other famous streams, but few pay much attention to the huge Missouri River.
As you probably know, the Madison, Jefferson and Gallatin Rivers all flow together
to form the Missouri River. It is the longest River in the United States. Of course the
portion of the river that contains trout is only about a hundred miles long.

The best fishing exist in its tailwaters. Later, we will be providing information on its
lake fishing but for the most part, its better trout fishing is below one of its four
dams. To be specific, the best fishing is below Holter Dam. It is a shallow but wide
tailwater that is more like a huge spring creek than anything else. The flows remain
relatively constant even in high and low water conditions. It contains both huge size
rainbow and brown trout.

You will see people drifting the river in float tubes, small one person rubber rafts,
drift boats and just about any other kind of watercraft you can think of. There are
areas of fast water with riffles and runs if you just continue on downstream. If the
smooth flowing water isn't your thing, just keep heading downstream.

By the way, you can fly into Great Falls, Montana; rent a car; and drive to
Yellowstone at a lower cost than you can fly into West Yellowstone or Jackson Hole.
You can follow the Missouri to the Madison and continue on upstream to West
Yellowstone in a few hours. Be sure to click on the
fly fishing guide, hatches and
flies, hatch chart, and recommend gear sections of the Missouri section of site.

Basics of Fly Fishing:
Fly lines - Part 3
So far, I have explained that it's the weight of the fly line that propels the cast rather
than the weight of the fly. I have gone over the way fly line weights are designated. I
have also mentioned that modern fly lines aren't level, or of even weight throughout
their length. Tapers, or areas of thicker coatings, are made in certain areas of the
fly line to increase the weight of it for specific purposes.

Most of the fly fishing lines used for trout fishing are
weight forward fly lines. That
means a certain length of the fly line in the forward or front portion of the line is
increased in thickness, and therefore weight. The added weight helps propel the
cast. The weight forward is the most popular fly line sold.

Most of the time this thicker area is within the first thirty feet of the line. This allows
most of the weight of the fly line for the average length cast to be in the air when
the cast is made. The remaining part of the fly line will be the level part which is
even in thickness and weight. There are exceptions to this for some specific cases
for weight forward fly lines made for special purposes.

This extra weight in the front part of the fly line helps anglers cast farther, cast
heavier flies, and cast into the wind easier. The exact thickness, length and location
of this thicker part of the fly line depends on the particular manufacturer's design.
The taper dimensions are usually shown by a crude drawing on the box the fly line
comes in.  

The weight forward fly line is what the beginner needs to fish for trout and most
other species of fish, for that matter. We should have our new weight forward
"Perfect Fly Line" available within the next three months. Our fly line is being
manufactured to our exact specifications on the taper as well as many other things
such as color, materials, etc. We think it will be the best fly line you can purchase
for most freshwater fly fishing applications. Much more about it will be explained on
our Perfect fly website.

Tomorrow we will get into other types of fly line tapers.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh