Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Mahogany Duns
3.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
4.   Little Yellow Stoneflies
5.   Slate Drakes
6.   Cream Cahills - hatching in Isolated locations
7.   Little Yellow Quills
8.   Needle Stoneflies
9.   Beetles
10. Grasshoppers
11. Ants
12. Inch Worms
13. Crane Flies
14. Helligramite
15. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

The Learning Process - Part 64

Scouting the Water:
Catching large brown trout isn't easy, even when you do completely focus on
catching them. Changing to nymphs, even large nymphs, isn't going to do it as
such. You may very well catch a large brown using nymphs and very well may not
using dry flies, but thats just a small part of the strategy you would need to use.

When you examine any of the streams in Great Smoky Mountains National Park that
have brown trout, you will find that there are only a small percentage of the water
that would likely hold a large brown trout. The best time to do this is during a bright,
blue bird type day and during the middle of the day. That will let you observe the
areas of the streams that would most likely hold a trout. No, that wouldn't
necessarily allow you to spot the trout. That isn't the purpose of what I am
suggesting now. It only allows you the opportunity to discover the deeper, darker
likely hiding places where a big brown may be. Make certain you have polarized
sunglasses suited for bright light so that you can see as much as possible.

Many of the large boulders have undercut areas or caves type areas beneath them
that would be such a likely place. A banks with an undercut area is another likely
location for one. A log on the bottom of the stream is yet another. The purpose of
doing this is only to scout out the areas of the stream you intend to fish later. It  
allows you to concentrate only on the places that may possibly hold a large brown
trout. It lets you eliminate those areas of the stream that wouldn't likely hold one.

Keep in mind that there would most likely only be one large brown trout in a given
area of the stream. Its just a simple fact that you are not going to find several large
brown trout in any one pool or small given area of the stream. There far more likely
would only be one is such an area. There may well only be one every hundred
yards of a stream, or quarter mile, for that matter.

If you attempt to do this same thing under low light conditions and/or you attempt to
fish during the time you are scouting out the water, you simply want be able to see
the type of places that would likely hold a large brown trout. You need to position
yourself in the highest possible place to observe the water. You couldn't do that if
you were fishing, trying to catch one. You would want to position yourself in just the
opposite type of place if you were fishing.

Once you find a potential spot that a large trout could be hiding, you would want to
be able to easily identify it at the time you did fish it. If you are fairly familiar with the
stream, you may well be able to do this with landmarks, such as a certain shaped
rock or boulder, tree or other object. If you are not very familiar, the best way to
mark the spot is with a handheld GPS receiver. In fact you can even name or add a
comment to help identify it even more, such as "hole beneath boulder". I would also
suggest you do this using a newer, high sensitive receiver (to avoid any
interference from heavy tree cover) and a unit with WASS, or a system that
improves the accuracy down to a few feet.  

It just occurred to me that Garmin has a new model Oregon 550t handheld unit that
has a good digital camera built-in. When you take a photo of anything, it
automatically marks and saves the GPS location of the image.

More tomorrow..........

Copyright 2009 James Marsh