Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Mahogany Duns
3.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
4.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching
5.   Slate Drakes - hatching
6.   Cream Cahills - hatching in Isolated locations
7.   Little Yellow Quills
8.   Needle Stoneflies
9.   Beetles
10. Grasshoppers
11. Ants
12. Inch Worms
13. Crane Flies
14. Helligramite
15. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Types of Trout and Trout Water - Part  4

I guess I should end this topic with today's article. After all, it could go on and on
and there would still be no way for any one person judging which stream is better
than another stream. When it gets right down to it, it is always a matter of personal
preferences. i guess that is why we have different color automobiles. No one color
would please everyone and no one trout stream would be everyone's favorite.

You hear the term "good fishing" which is always used to indicate that lots of fish
are being caught. When there are lots of trout being caught, it is obviously fairly
easy to catch them. As I have written many times before, fishing can become boring
when it is too easy to catch the fish. Imagine the results if everyone caught a trout
on every cast. How many fish would you want to catch in a day before you stopped
fishing? If that is your idea of a great trout stream, then maybe you should just stick
to the trout farms.

Its the challenge of catching trout that makes it interesting. That is certainly not the
only thing that makes fly fishing for trout what it is. There are many, many other
things involved, but it is not the point of this article to get into that subject. I just
want to point out that a certain amount of challenge is necessary to make a trout
stream a good one. Trout streams are like golf courses in a way. A par 72 golf
course means if someone shots an excellent game, they will shot the course using
72 strokes. If a golf course is made to where it is was impossible to shoot in 72
stokes, it wouldn't be a lot of fun to play. Your score would make you look worse
than you really are. If trout are almost impossible to catch from a certain stream,
then most anglers wouldn't want to fish it. It wouldn't be much fun for most of them.
On the other hand, if you could catch a trout every few cast on any fly you tied on,
there would be little challenge and it would soon not be very much fun to fish. The
best trout streams lie somewhere in between those extremes.

Notice so far today, I have just said the word "trout". I haven't distinguished the size
of the trout. I haven't mentioned the species of trout. I haven't mentioned whether
they are wild, native, or stocked trout.  These are other factors that would go into
judging trout streams. Catching a lot of ten inch trout, or catching a lot of twenty
inch trout.

Many anglers want immediate access. By that I mean they want to be able to step
out of their car and make a cast. They don't want to have to go to any trouble to get
to where they can catch fish. You may be quick to cut that desire but it may be the
only stream some anglers are physically able to fish. Other anglers would be quick
to tell you that the Middle Fork of the Salmon River in Idaho is the best trout stream
in the nation. Their contention would be that the stream has access at only two
points and that you must drift the entire length of the river and camp along the way
to make the long journey through the Bob Marshall Wilderness.

Then theres the streams that are below lakes and reservoirs. The fishing usually
depends on the releases of water through the dam. Some anglers don't mind
dealing with that variable and others do. In some areas of the country, especially
Pennsylvania, California, Idaho, Montana, Wisconsin and Minnesota, spring creeks
are popular, and in some cases, about the only places to catch trout. Most anglers
that have never fished one find them very difficult to fish. There are many anglers
that just won't fish them because of the challenge. Others consider spring creeks
the ultimate type of trout stream.

Then there are the freestone streams. In many areas there are few of them left.
Many have been dammed and turned into tailwaters. In our area, these tailwaters
were mostly warm water streams that were changed into cold water tailwaters. In
many areas of the west, many freestone streams capable of supporting trout have
been turned into tailwater streams for electrical and irrigation needs. The remaining
freestone streams fish a great deal different from either the spring creeks or
tailwaters. They also have a big variable called Mother Nature. The fishing depends
greatly on the amount of snow and rainfall. The lessons learned from the drought
two years ago in the Smokies proves that point very well. This year has been almost
the opposite situation. Conditions have remained better than normal so far. Judging
the freestone streams in the Smokies two years ago would have had completely
different results than judgements made this year.

Personally, I like them all. I enjoy fishing all of the different types of streams. I do
prefer wild and native trout to stocked trout and that is one of the reasons I think
the streams of Great Smoky Mountains National Park are very good trout streams.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh