Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Mahogany Duns
3.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
4.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching (Little Summer Stones)
5.   Slate Drakes - hatching
6.   Cream Cahills - hatching in Isolated locations
7.   Beetles
8.   Grasshoppers
9.   Ants
10. Inch Worms
11. Crane Flies
12. Helligramite
13. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Czech Nymph Method of Fishing - Part 5

I mentioned in the last article that I would go over some of the flies I use for the
Czech Nymph Method. It is different in that the Czech use three nymphs and you
can only use two in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Remember that the
heaviest one goes on the leader first and the lighter one at the tag end. You want
to use a nymph with lead or other weight wrapped around the hook shank or with an
added beadhead for extra weight. The Czech don't add weight to the leader but you
can do that, of course. It works better if you can use nymphs that don't require
added weight.

If you have read many of my articles then you probably know I use specific
imitations of insects that are very plentiful and available to the trout versus generic
or attractor flies. It is always far better to use imitations of whatever the trout are
likely eating than a generic imitation that doesn't imitate any specific insect.  I use
our "Perfect Fly" Giant Black Stonefly Imitation in a hook size 4 or 6 for the top fly in
many cases. These stoneflies live for three years and there are always some large
nymphs in the streams at any time, even after the yearly hatch occurs. Even then,
the two year old nymphs exist in plentiful quantities and they are quite large. It is a
heavy weighted nymph and works without added weight in some situations.

I also use the "Perfect Fly" Golden Stonefly Imitation in a hook size 12 at times.
These stoneflies live from two to three years and they are always available in the
streams at any time. They are not quite as heavy and when I use this fly I always
use a lighter, smaller fly on the tag end of the leader. I add a split shot about eight
inches above the top fly in most cases using this rig. I size the split shot based on
the depth and speed of the water I will be fishing most often.

The other fly I use often for the top most fly is our "Perfect Fly" Little Yellow Stonefly
Imitation. I only use this one up until July because many species of these stoneflies
hatch by then. There are still some around and will be until as late as October but
they don't exist in the huge numbers like they do early in the year. The newly
hatched eggs turn into tiny nymphs during the summer. When I use this fly, I always
add weight above the top fly in the form of split shot.

For the bottom fly, I use one of our "Perfect Fly" nymphs or larva imitations of
whatever is about to hatch and most active at the time. It should be a much lighter
fly to work best. If it is several insects, then I use the one that is most available and
that the trout are most likely focusing on. I want get into the specifics of this
because that would take a long time and I have covered that subject several times
in the past.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh
Our Giant Black Stonefly Nymph above left and Golden Stonefly Nymph above right.