Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
3    Light Cahills - hatching
4.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
5.   Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
6.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish
7.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching
8. Green Sedges - hatching
9. Little Sister Caddisflies - Mostly Abrams Creek
10. Eastern Pale Evening Duns - (called Sulfurs by some)
11. Sulphurs - hatching in isolated areas
12. Golden Stonefly - hatching
13. Little Green Stonefly - hatching
14. Slate Drakes - hatching
15. Beetles
16. Grasshoppers

Fishing Grasshopper Imitations
As I said a couple of days ago, there are not as many grass hoppers as you may
think along the streams of Great Smoky Mountains National Park because most of
streams are in the forest with little grass lining the banks of them. However, in some
places there are various types of grass and weeds on the streams that flow
beneath heavy canopied forest. There are also some open areas with lots of grass
near the streams. It doesn't take much of any type of food to get the trout's
attention during the summer and early fall after most of the aquatic insect hatches
have already occurred. The newly born nymphs and larvae will still be tiny and
there will be far less food in the streams than they will be in the late fall, winter and
early spring when the nymphs and larvae are much larger.

In just two or three more weeks, there will be only a few insects that haven't
hatched. We will have a few Eastern Blue-winged Olives later on but they are
sparse hatches. There will be some Slate Drakes here and there along with some
Little Yellow Quills later on. About the only stoneflies remaining to hatch will be the
tiny Needle Stoneflies. Other than some Great Autumn Brown Sedges and sparse
hatches of
baetis Blue-winged Olives, that will be the only remaining hatches for the
year. More importantly, that will be the only remaining fully grown nymphs and
larvae remaining in the streams for the trout to eat.

The trout will become highly opportunistic feeders. About the only time the trout will
focus on aquatic insects is when and where the above mentioned hatches occur. It
will be late fall before the young, newly born nymphs and larvae get large enough to
get the trout's attention. Anything falling in the water that looks alive and about the
right size to eat is going to get examined by the trout. The only times the trout will
focus their attention on specific insects is during the times heavy winds blows a lot
of terrestrials into the water or heavy downpours wash a lot of terrestrial insects into
the water. Any other time they are going to eat most anything they think is food.
They will not be seeing enough of any one type of kind of terrestrial insect falling in
the water to concentrate on any one type of fly.

One good way to handle those times during the hot summer and early fall, is to fish
a grass hopper imitation on the surface and drop a tiny nymph or larva below it. I
say tiny because there are lots of midge larva and young caddis larva as well as
immature mayfly and stonefly nymphs in the streams. If you continue to adjust for
changing depths of water and add weight depending on the current you are fishing,
you stand a good chance of catching trout.

Our sandwich hoppers work great for this. They are made of foam and float high in
the water and are capable of supporting nymphs and larvae imitation. They act as a
strike indicator and they often catch trout thinking they discovered a good meal
themselves. I don't suggest this rig during high winds when there may be enough of
any one type of insect being blown in the water. For example, when the moth larva
(inch worms) are hanging from the trees and the wind is blowing hard, I would fish a
single fly - an inch worm imitation. Many of them are bound to get blown into the
water. Or when a downpour had occurred and beetles and ants were being washed
into the water from the forest. In that case I would fish an ant or beetle imitation.

have these in brown, red and green and in hook sizes 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12.

Copyright James Marsh 2009
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