Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Giant Black Stoneflies - hatching
3.   Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
4    Light Cahills - hatching
5.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
6.   Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
7.   American March Browns - hatching but randomly in isolated locations
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish
9.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching
10. Green Sedges - hatching
11. Little Sister Caddisflies - Mostly Abrams Creek
12. Eastern Pale Evening Duns - (called Sulfurs by some)
13. Sulphurs - hatching in isolated areas
14. Golden Stonefly - hatching
15. Little Green Stonefly - hatching

Golden Stoneflies - Adult:
The adult Golden Stonefly is one of the largest stoneflies that you may actually see
flying around during the day in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. I say that
because although the Giant Black is larger, you rarely see them. They only come
out at night and for the most part, stay in the trees during the day. The female
Goldens can be spotted laying they eggs during the late afternoons and early
evenings. It provides a much better opportunity to catch trout on the egg layers
than the Giant Blacks.

Like most stoneflies,  the adult Golden Stoneflies don't get in the water until the
female deposits her eggs. The males don't get in the water at all unless they
accidentally fall or get blown in the water by strong winds. They hatch out of the
water and they mate and die out of the water.

Trout will definitely eat the egg laying females. Most likely you would encounter this
activity very late in the afternoon. If clouds have covered the sun for some time,
they may begin earlier in the day. Usually you will only find one or two here and
there. Finding a large hatch or a huge amount of activity would be unusual.  

Presenting the "Perfect Fly" Adult Stonefly imitation is easy. Just present it where
you see the big stoneflies depositing their eggs. This will be the same water they
crawled to the bank and hatched from - runs, riffles, etc. It doesn't matter so much
as to how you get the fly there. It doesn't matter much how it drifts. The real ones
just touch the water and knock their eggs off. Rises from trout are usually splashy
ones. Often, you will see them mixed in with the Little Yellow Stoneflies or Yellow
Sallys that hatch during the same time period.

"Perfect Fly" Adult Golden Stonefly - this fly has a foam body and floats high on the

Copyright James Marsh 2009