Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Giant Black Stoneflies - hatching
3.   Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
4    Light Cahills - hatching
5.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
6.   Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
7.   American March Browns - hatching but randomly in isolated locations
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish
9.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching
10. Green Sedges - hatching
11. Little Sister Caddisflies - Mostly Abrams Creek
12. Eastern Pale Evening Duns - starting any day (called Sulfurs by some)

Eastern Pale Evening Dun (Sulphur)

The  Eastern Pale Evening Dun nymphs usually emerge just under or in the surface
skim. A few days before they hatch, the nymphs move from their normal habitat of
moderately flowing water to slower water to hatch. The water is usually fairly smooth
in the locations the hatch occurs.

The Eastern Pale evening duns usually hatch in the afternoon. This usually occurs
between 1:00 and 4:00 P. M.  When the nymphs are ready to emerge they propel
themselves to the surface and shed their nymphal shucks just under the skim.

Emerger Presentation:
The smooth, slow water areas that the sulphurs hatch in may  require you to
fish for individual fish that are rising. This is best done using a down and across
presentation. Many anglers call this "technical" fishing. It requires the same type
of presentations sometimes necessary for fly fishing spring creeks or smooth
flowing tailwaters. You may not be able to get very close to trout feeding on
emerging sulphurs. This means a longer cast is necessary. In the slower moving,
smooth water this requires a well presented fly.

Imitations of the "Perfect Fly" Eastern Pale Evening Dun Emerger, and Emerger
with the trailing shuck flies, should be presented in the surface skim of the
shallow, slower moving water adjacent to the moderate ripples and runs where the
crawler nymphs are found.

Although we use an up and across presentation in some cases, a down and across,
on the swing presentation is often the best way to get the fly to trout feeding on the
emerging nymphs in some smooth water situations. It strictly depends on the
water. The nymph live in moderately flowing water and that can be pocket type
water or slick, smooth flowing water. You have to alter your presentation to meet the

Our "Perfect Fly" Eastern Pale Evening Dun Emerger

Our "Perfect Fly" Eastern Pale Evening Dun Emerger with Trailing Shuck

Copyright James Marsh 2009