Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.   Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2.   Giant Black Stoneflies - starting any day, nymphs active
3.   Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
4    Light Cahills - hatching
5.   Midges - hatching in isolated locations
6.   Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
7.   American March Browns - hatching but randomly in isolated locations
8.   Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish
9.   Little Yellow Stoneflies - hatching
10. Eastern Green Drakes - should be starting in Abrams Creek
11. Green Sedges - hatching
12. Little Sister Caddisflies - Mostly Abrams Creek
13. Eastern Pale Evening Duns - starting any day (called Sulfurs by some)

Little Sister Sedge (Caddisfly) - Larva - Part 2

Yesterday, in the first part of the introduction, I discussed the Little Sister caddisflies
and how they compared to their big sisters (
Hydropsyche and Ceratopsyche)
without even mentioning  the genus They are in the
Cheumatopsyche genus as I
guess most of you picked up from the species I listed for Great Smoky Mountains
National Park.

They exist throughout the nation and are most plentiful in tailwaters but they exist in
just about all types of water. To try to simplify what may sound more like Greek than
Latin to most of you, let me put it like this. The
Hydropsyche (Spotted Sedges),
more plentiful in the West; and
Ceratopsyche (Cinnamon Sedges) more plentiful in
the East;
represent about forty percent of all caddisflies in trout waters. The
Cheumatopsyche (Little Sisters) represent about another twenty percent of all
caddisflies in trout waters. Together that is sixty percent of all the
caddisflies you need to be concerned with.
There are a lot of different species
of all three genera but they all behave the same and they all look almost the same
although there are minor variations in some of them. One fly pattern of each of the
three caddisflies for each stage of life is very adequate.

(April 13-April 16 under Articles) I discussed the fishing techniques for
the Cinnamon Sedges.
You fish the Little Sisters exactly the same way. The
easiest way to tell them apart, other than by hook size, is that the Little Sister Adults
have a bright green abdomen or body. The wings vary little among the three

Copyright James Marsh 2009
Thumbnail of our "Perfect fly"
Little Sister Pupa