Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - Isolated hatches
2. Quill Gordons - hatching but about to end
3. Hendricksons - hatching
4. Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
5. Little Brown Stoneflies - hatching but about to end
6. Midges - hatching in isolated locations
7. Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
8. American March Browns - hatching
9. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek) - Emergers/Duns

The nymphs swim to the surface where they shed their shuck to emerge. This
emergence is an off and on occurrence that last throughout the day and therefore,
is not usually concentrated. It is during this time, from mornings to mid afternoon,
that our emerger pattern or Perfect Fly trailing shuck emerger shown below works

Emerger Presentation:
The emerger can be fished with a swimming action from the bottom to the surface
during the period of a hatch. This is usually done by slightly weighting the fly. Fish
the emerger down and across on the swing. I recommend at least an eight-foot
leader with a two, foot long size 4X tippet. In very clear water, such as you find in
spring creek portion of Abrams, you don't want to turn the trout away by using too
heavy of a leader and tippet. Just use the largest you think you can use without
them rejecting the fly.

Trout readily take the duns during the time they are drying their wings to depart the
water. They leave the water fairly slowly and sometimes flutter around on the
surface before they fly to nearby trees. You will see them come out of the water and
fly a few inches above the surface only to fall back down and start over again. Their
wings are still to wet and heavy for the big bug to fly. There they usually hang
around on the banks for about three days before molting. The idea time to catch
the hatch is the first day or two after it starts. Sometimes the trout get full of the big
mayflies and become hard to catch even though the hatch is in peak progress.

Dun Presentation:
In most cases the upstream approach should be used. In the faster moving water
you should concentrate on presenting the imitations in areas of slower moving
water such as eddies, pockets and the head of pools as opposed to fishing the fast
water of the ripples and runs. They do not emerge in fast water.
In slower moving water (spring creek section of Abrams) a down and across stream
presentation may be required. In this case longer leaders of eight to ten feet long
with two or three, foot long tippets, size 5x or 6x, may be required.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh