Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives - mostly Little BWO - sparse hatches
2. Quill Gordons - hatching but about to end
3. Hendricksons - hatching
4. Cinnamon Caddis - Mostly Abrams Creek
5. Little Brown Stoneflies - hatching about to end
6. Midges - hatching in isolated locations
7. Little Short-horned Sedges - should hatch randomly for 2-3 months
8. American March Browns - should start within a couple of weeks
9. Streamers - matching sculpin, baitfish and small crawfish

Cinnamon Sedges - Part 4

The adult Cinnamon Caddis become important when the females start depositing
their eggs. They do this on the surface or by diving to the bottom depending on
the particular species. Those that dive return to the surface and float for a few
seconds before flying off or dying. As I previously said, this activity can occur at the
same time they are emerging. It usually starts near the end of the emergence
period and last for an hour or two. By the way, if you find the caddis emerging and
depositing their eggs at the same time, fish an imitation of the pupa. It is almost
always more effective than imitating the egg layers.

On overcast or rainy days, egg laying can start much sooner that it would on a
clear, bright day. Normally, on a warm spring, sunny day the egg laying activity will
start about an hour or two before sunset. The later in the hatch period or the
warmer the weather, the later in the day they will start depositing their eggs. When
the water is in the fifties and the air temperatures around seventy to seventy-five
degrees (for example), they may start as early as the middle of the afternoon. You
can't see the pupae hatching but you can see the egg layers. When you start
seeing them diving to the water or skimming across the surface, start fishing an
adult pattern or dry fly imitation.

Adult Presentation:
Even in the low light, you should easily be able to see the caddisflies dipping to the
water when they are depositing their eggs. Of course, that is the area where you
want to place your fly. You can try to imitate the skittering manner in which the
caddis flutter around on the surface but we find it best just to use a dead drift. I
scare more than I fool adding action to the fly. It is difficult to make a fly bounce on
top of the water. You end up just dragging it through the water leaving a wake,
something that the caddis don't do.

The best way to present the fly is the best way you can get it to the area they are
depositing their eggs. As long as you don't spook the trout, I don't think it matters
whether you cast downstream or upstream. They tend to deposit the eggs at the
end of the runs and riffles, not at the heads of them. Let the caddisflies show you
where to cast. If you are not seeing any activity, you will be wasting time.

This is our "Perfect Fly" Cinnamon Adult Caddis Imitation.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh