Methods & Strategies to Use "Now" Fishing the Smokies

Insects and other food the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives (Baetis)
2. Blue Quills
3. Quill Gordons
4. Little Black Caddis
5. Winter Stoneflies
6. Midges
7. Streamers

Note: We have added two more families of stoneflies to our "Flies You Need Now"
list. They will be showing up soon if not already - the Taeniopterygidae &
Nemouridae Families. These are technically all "Little Brown Stoneflies" but some of
them are closer to black in color than they are brown.

Little Black Caddis - Pupae:
I received a huge amount of email yesterday and last night asking questions about
what I wrote yesterday. They were mostly related to how to fish the Little Black
Caddis hatch. All of those questions should be answered in today's and tomorrow's
articles. If not, please write us again.

These early season caddisflies are the closest thing a caddisfly can get to a mayfly.
They hatch on the surface, mid-stream; they dry their wings on the water and fly to
the bank; they mate and the females return to the water and deposits her eggs by
dipping down and touching the water and sometimes landing on the water. You fish
the hatch much the same way you would fish most mayfly hatches.

The pupae usually hatch in water that is fairly smooth even though they live in the
moderate current in pocket water streams. They seek the slower moving, smoother
areas of the stream, such as the pockets behind rocks, to emerge. The current will
catch the emerging pupa and it usually ends up in a current seam. The trout eat
the pupae as they accent to the surface to hatch. They also eat them after they
have hatched and are still on the surface drying their wings before they fly off into
the banks, bushes and trees. They stay on the surface for a rather long distance.
Most of the time they reach the slower moving water at the end of the run or riffle
before they are able to fly away.

When they first start to hatch, usually during the warmest part of the day, we start
out fishing the pupa imitation. It is usually the most effective of the two flies,
especially if the water is cold (fifty degrees or less). The trout are more responsive
to the adults on the surface after the water has warmed up some.

We present the pupa imitation using an up and across presentation. Fishing in this
manner allows you to get much closer to the trout. Place the fly in the current
seams where the fast water meets the slow water. We usually add a tiny bit of
weight about eight inches above the fly. Start mending your line when the fly hits
the water to help get it down. Allow the fly to swing all the way around to a down and
across position. You want to imitate the pupa swimming to the surface to hatch. You
do that by simply stopping the rod at about the 2:00 o'clock position near the end of
the drift and allowing the fly to rise back up to the surface. The current will bring the
fly back to the surface for you. The trout usually take the fly near or just when it
reaches the surface.

Copyright 2009 James Marsh
"Perfect Fly" Little Black Caddis Pupa