Freestone Streams - Part Six:


Finding Fish:
In most situations when you are fishing a freestone stream, you place your fly in
every likely pocket, current seam or any other place a trout could be holding.
Even the clearest lie can conceal a trout. If you place your fly in the right spot, a
trout may take it, that is, if a trout is there. If trout are not there then you
certainly want get a rise. If a trout is there, then you may or may not get a rise
depending on many factors some of which are in your control and some of which
are not in your control.  If you don’t get a rise, you either try again or you move
on the next likely holding spot.
In many cases anglers prefer to locate trout by spotting the fish or their rises,
but in the small freestone streams of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park,
you are usually not usually able to spot them. Never-the-less, most successful
anglers try to envision a trout in each and every likely spot. In other words, they
consider that if a trout did exist in that lie, exactly where it would be positioned
and exactly where it would be feeding.
Of course, you also must first take into consideration the type of food the trout
may be eating, not necessarily what species of trout food, more particularly if the
trout may be feeding on food that is drifting on the bottom, somewhere beneath
the surface or floating on the surface of the water.
If you do spot a trout, then you want to plan a way to approach it, select a fly to
best imitate whatever it is you think it may be taking and then make your
presentation. You know the fish is there. It is up to you to catch it.
When you are fishing fast pocket water, moving from one pocket, current seam
or likely holding spot to another, you don’t ever know if a fish was there or not,
unless you spook them. This is the nature of fishing freestone streams. It is
completely different from fishing spring creeks, for example, where you are able
to determine if a fish is in a certain place or not. Instead of finding a feeding fish
and approaching it to try to catch it, you fish in place you "think" a fish may be
Most of the time, there is not enough of any one insect or other food for the trout
to be feeding on selectively. In other words, there are no hatches taking place.
Since there is a lot of water that could cover up a trout, there are a lot of places
you could place your fly to try to get a fish to take it. If you cover them all, you
will be spending a lot of time casting to places where there simply are no fish. If
you only present your fly in places where fish are most likely holding, then you
are going to increase your odds tremendously.
Assuming you make good
presentations, use the right fly and don't spook the trout, presenting
your fly in the most likely holding lies is the only way you can increase
your odds of catching trout in small, fast water freestone streams.
If you were fishing competitively, against others and thank goodness you this
isn't the case in the park at least, you would go a step farther. You would only
present your fly in the most likely holding lies or the choice places in other words
you would make your first cast count, and make only one or two more cast and
then you would move on. In the competitive bass fishing world they call this the
hit and run approach. Instead of fishing a hundred yards of the stream in an
hour you would fish it in ten minutes only casting to the most likely holding spots.
Am I recommending this method of fishing? No, I am not. Trout fishing would
become work and less fun. I am strictly trying to point out the way you increase
your odds of catching fish in small, fast water freestone streams. You only place
your fly in the likely holding and feeding lies.

Coming Up Next:
Freestone Streams - Part 7

Copyright 2008 James Marsh