Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Needle Stoneflies
4.    Midges

Most available/ Other types of food:
5.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6.    Craneflies (larvae)

Fly Fishing DVD - Part 19 - Mayflies
I wrote the following in yesterday's article:
"It never ceases to amaze me as to how many beginners set out to learn to fly fish for trout without spending
any time or effort to learn even the basics about what the trout eat to survive on.
The tendency is towards
learning the various flies rather than the food the flies are intended to imitate
. If a beginner isn't
careful, he or she will end up thinking trout prefer to eat hair and feathers."

What I should have written is that it never ceases to amaze me at the number of guys that have been fly
fishing for trout for several years, even many years, that haven't spent the time and effort to learn even the
basics about what the trout eat to survive. I don't mean this in any disrespectful manner at all, but I have
found this to be the case with southeastern fly anglers far more than with anglers from other parts of the

It's easy to assume that anyone who has been fly fishing for a very long time, say for example, over fifty
years, knows a lot about what they are doing, but unfortunately that isn't always the case. When it comes to
any sport, one can participate in it for a long time using less than the most effective strategies, methods, and
techniques. One can do just about anything for years knowing very little about what it is they are actually
trying to do.

I have written several times before that out of hundreds of books that have been written about aquatic insects
and other trout foods targeting specific trout streams, specific states, and specific sections of the country,
not one book has been written about the foods trout eat in the Southeastern states. Not one book
has been written about aquatic insects and other trout foods in the streams of the Smokies, yet the streams
of the Smoky Mountains have as large a diversity of aquatic insects as any section of the country. Even
worse, of the few books that have been written about fly fishing for trout in the Southeastern states, none of
them have over a page on the subject.

There have been books written about the trout flies used in the Southeastern states. It may be that the
authors of those books think trout prefer hair and feathers to aquatic insects.

You will sometimes hear that knowing your aquatic insects isn't important for fly fishing the streams of the
Smokies but you will never hear that from anyone who actually knows much about the aquatic insects.
always comes from those who use it as an excuse for their ignorance of the foods wild trout
survive on.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh