Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Needle Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
4.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
5.    Craneflies

Some Important Facts on fishing Cold Water:
I will be writing a complete series on fishing cold water in the near future but since it's 32 degrees in
Gatlinburg right now, dropping down another two degrees to 30 with a high today of only 56, I'll go ahead and
mention some of the often completely misunderstood things about the effects of cold water on trout.

Trout are a cold water fish. When the water temps get into the high sixties, they begin to become
lethargic. Temperatures in the fifties are great for them but that's not the only range they do well.

Trout can be caught in water as low as the high thirties but catching them in cold water requires
knowledge of exactly where they are in the streams and precise presentations. Although doing this can slow
things down, once you find them and get the required techniques down pat, you can sometimes catch far
more than most anglers think. You have to toss all the preconceived ideas and standard methods of catching
them in the Smokies out the door or you want stand a chance.

Comfort Zone: There's no such thing. If your fairly old, you have probably heard this phrase before. It's
a phrase often used years ago by anglers and outdoor writers before much was known and understood
about most species of fish including trout. To make this simply, in layman's terms,
fish don't get
comfortable or uncomfortable
. They are cold blooded creatures. Their blood remains virtually the same
as the water. Unlike us human warm blooded creatures, they don't feel a difference that causes one to feel
cold or hot. Yes, when drastic changes in water temps occur up or down, it takes a little time for their body
temperature to adjust and this can slow down their activity. It's also a fact that they don't require as much
food in lower water temps but that doesn't mean the won't eat. You only want one to eat one tiny fly and they
will do that in a heart beat. How much food they need isn't a direct factor in catching them at all.

4. The number one most important thing about catching trout from the small freestone streams in the
Smokies from cold water, say in the low forties, is to find where they are holding in a particular section of the
stream. The biggest clue you have is this will not be fast moving water. It won't even be moderate moving
It will be slow moving water. The reason is simple. If there is much current, the trout will require
more food than they can acquire to survive.

 Do they seek deeper water directly because of the water temperature. Absolutely not. The water
temp in deeper moving water of the streams in the Smokies is for all practical purposes, the same
temperature as shallow moving water. Trout are often located in deep water right on the bottom in cold water
but not directly because of the temperature. They often get in the deeper holes on the bottom that's deeper
than the main bottom level and the prime reason is to avoid current. They also sometimes get in shallow
water, or lets say water two or three feet deep, that's calm to very slow moving to avoid current - marginal
areas near the banks, behind boulders, etc. This isn't often the case but again, it's not for them to be
warmer. It's to avoid overhead predates. They usually move in and out of these type of areas and usually
only when there's plenty of food there - nymphs such as the BWOs about to hatch, midge pupae getting
ready to hatch, little winter stoneflies crawling out of the water to hatch, etc.

Fly Fishing DVD - Part 5
Coming tomorrow
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
"Fly Fishing Eastern
Freestone Streams -
Successful Strategies",
provides step-by-step,
easy to follow
instructions on the
techniques used to
catch rainbow, brown
and brook trout from
small streams in the
East. Things like
"hi-sticking" nymphs,
mending line, getting
drag free drifts, fishing
streamers and many
other techniques are
See tomorrow's article