Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Slate Drakes
4.    Needle Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
5.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6.    Craneflies
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Ants

Czech Nymph Fishing  - Part 5
I mentioned in the last article that I would go over some of the flies I use for the Czech Nymph
Method. It is different in that the Czech use three nymphs and you can only use two in Great
Smoky Mountains National Park. Remember that the heaviest one goes on the leader first and the
lighter one at the tag end. You want to use a nymph with lead or other weight wrapped around the
hook shank or with an added beadhead for extra weight. The Czech don't add weight to the leader
but you can do that, of course. It works better if you can use nymphs that don't require added

If you have read many of my articles then you probably know I use specific imitations of insects that
are very plentiful and available to the trout versus generic or attractor flies. It is always far better to
use imitations of whatever the trout are likely eating than a generic imitation that doesn't imitate
any specific insect.  I use our "Perfect Fly" Giant Black Stonefly Imitation in a hook size 4 or 6 for
the top fly in many cases. These stoneflies live for three years and there are always some large
nymphs in the streams at any time, even after the yearly hatch occurs. Even then, the two year old
nymphs exist in plentiful quantities and they are quite large. It is a heavy weighted nymph and
works without added weight in some situations.

I also use the "Perfect Fly" Golden Stonefly Imitation in a hook size 12 at times. These stoneflies
live from two to three years and they are always available in the streams at any time. They are not
quite as heavy and when I use this fly I always use a lighter, smaller fly on the tag end of the
leader. I add a split shot about eight inches above the top fly in most cases using this rig. I size the
split shot based on the depth and speed of the water I will be fishing most often.

The other fly I use often for the top most fly is our "Perfect Fly" Little Yellow Stonefly Imitation. I only
use this one up until July because many species of these stoneflies hatch by then. There are still
some around and will be until as late as October but they don't exist in the huge numbers like they
do early in the year. The newly hatched eggs turn into tiny nymphs during the summer. When I use
this fly, I always add weight above the top fly in the form of split shot.

For the bottom fly, I use one of our "Perfect Fly" nymphs or larva imitations of whatever is most
plentiful and available for the trout to eat at the time. It should be a much lighter fly to work best. If
it is several insects, then I use the one that is most available and that the trout are most likely
focusing on.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
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Our Giant Black Stonefly Nymph above left and Golden Stonefly Nymph above right.