Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Slate Drakes
4.    Needle Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
5.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6.    Craneflies
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Ants

Czech Nymph Fishing  - Part 4
Yesterday's article covered how the terminal tackle for the Czech Nymph System is set up. Today, I
will cover how you go about fishing it.

Start by pulling out some fly line out. If the overall length of the leader is about seven feet long, the
you would want to pull out about three to six feet of fly line from the tip of the rod. That would give
you a total leader and fly line length outside the tip of the rod of about ten to thirteen feet.

You want to stand parallel with the current. In the small stream of the Smokies, this means you will
be facing one of the banks of the stretch of water you intend to fish. Make a cast upstream and
across the current at about a forty-five degree angle. Stretch you arm out as far as you can when
you make the cast. This in effect lengthens the distance the flies are from your position. Keep your
arm extended straight out the same as the rod the entire drift. When the flies hit the water, your
rod should be in a level position.

You want to keep the position of the rod tip ahead of, or slightly downstream of, the strike indicator
at all times. As the flies drift downstream, swing the rod slightly ahead of the position of the strike

When the drift is about forty-five degrees downstream and across the current, make another cast
to a slightly different position so that you can cover a different line of drift. You will want to make
from four to ten cast before you change the position your standing in the water. You want to make
sure you cover all the possible line of drifts and places a trout may be before taking changing your
position. Movements can spook the trout and your better off not taking a step until you cover all
the water you can.

Make sure you stay in contact with the strike indicator. Don't let it pass downstream farther than
the tip of your rod and don't allow much slack in the fly line between your rod tip and the strike
indicator. You want to be able to react when the indicator stops or moves differently than you think
it should be moving. When you have fished all the water you can reach from that position, take a
step or two upstream and repeat the entire process.

It seems most of the strikes occur from the point the strike indicator is just past your position
downstream, to the point you need to make another cast. When the flies are drifting downstream
from the point they hit the water, they will get closer and closer to you until they start to drift
downstream of your position. Of course, at that point in the drift, the flies will begin to get farther
and farther away from your position as they head on downstream.

During this time the flies are headed downstream towards your position, you want to raise you rod
tip gradually to keep from creating slack in the line. The tip should be at its highest point when the
flies are closest to you or directly perpendicular to your position.  

If you keep the slack out of the fly line, most of the time you will feel the trout take the fly. By the
way, when the flies are passing your position, you don't want to lift the indicator out of the water.
Make sure you keep in contact with it.

After you have fished the Czech system a few times, in mot cases, you will be able to tell the
difference between a fish and the bottom. The indicator usually reacts much slower to a fly hanging
than it does to a fish taking a nymph. At least most of the time, a strike feels different from the fly
hanging up.

Tomorrow I will go over some of the nymphs and larva imitations I use in the Smokies when using
the Czech method of nymphing. They are not the normal Czech style nymphs. They are much
better imitations of the naturals and much more effective in catching trout..
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
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