Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Slate Drakes
4.    Needle Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
5.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6.    Craneflies
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Ants

Four Days Of Fishing Ahead, Starting Today
Christopher Tobias and I will invade the streams of North Carolina and Tennessee for the next four
days, so if you fail to catch any fish over the weekend, it's most likely because we have left them all
dazzled. Dazzled means to overpower or dim vision with intense light: For example, one might say
'He was dazzled by the sudden sunlight".

Fishermen yank the fish out of the water and say "Son, that's a nice fish". They look them in the
eyes (some even kiss them) and pitch them back into the water "dazzled".

Imagine what it would be like if you were strolling along the bank of a stream and suddenly a fish
grabbed you by the lip, jerked you under the water and said "Son, that's a nice human". After you
were tossed back up on the bank, don't you think you would feel a little duzzled? Well, actually, I
just made the word "duzzled" up. Once the dictionary catches up with me, it will mean "to overpower
or dim vision with intense wet darkness".

Czech Nymph Fishing  - Part 3
The Czech anglers rig their nymph system using a strike indicator. It's attached to the leader right
at the end of the fly line. They usually use a very small strike indicator made of fluorescent Dacron.
Floatant is added to keep in from sinking. You can use any type of indicator but I would suggest
you keep it as small as possible. I use our on Perfect Fly small size "KISS" strike indicators. I like
the type that you can quickly and easily change or remove.

In the Smokies I would suggest you use a leader made of regular mono fishing line. Eight # test
mono line would work just fine. You can use fluorocarbon line if you prefer. There's no reason to
use a tapered leader. It isn't important in making the cast for Czech Nymphing. The length of the
leader from the fly line to the dropper fly should be about one and a half to two times the depth of
the water you are fishing. If you are fishing water that is three feet deep, then that distance would
be about five feet.

The flies should be rigged with the heaviest fly tied on a dropper that's about 8 inches long. It
should be attached to the leader about 18 inches from the fly on the tag end of the leader. This
would make the overall length of the leader (using the 3 feet of water and 5 feet of leader to the
first fly example) about six and a half feet long. That is 5 feet to the dropper and one and a half
feet to the fly on the tag end of the leader. I wouldn't go over eight feet long for the total length of
the leader in the Smokies.

The dropper, which can be made of the same 8 # test line, should be attached to the leader with a
Uni-knot. You can use a lighter line for the dropper such as 6 # test line. That way if you hang the
dropper fly up on the bottom, you wouldn't break off both flies pulling it loose. The lightest fly  
should be tied directly to the tag end of the leader.

If you use what's referred to as Czech Nymphs, which are heavily weighted, you probably won't
need to add any weight. As I mentioned before, if the Czech anglers do need additional weight they
use tungsten beads placed right at the head of the flies. Whatever flies you use, keep in mind that
the idea is to have enough weight to quickly get the flies down to the bottom.

I don't use the heavily weighted Czech Nymphs. I don't use generic flies of any type, dry, wet or
nymphs or larvae. First of all, the Czech nymphs usually resemble caddis larvae more than  
nymphs. I use our own "Perfect Fly" specific imitations of whatever food is most plentiful and
available for the trout to eat at the time. Prior to the advent of Perfect Flies, the poor Czech
anglers didn't have a better choice. Nowadays, there's "Perfect Czech Nymphing".

I will get into the Czech method of presentation tomorrow. Right now, It's getting close to the time
we need to dazzle some trout.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh