Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Slate Drakes
4.    Needle Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
5.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6.    Craneflies
7.    Beetles
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Ants

Czech Nymph Fishing  - Part 2
Reviewing the highlights of part one, trout feed far more on or near the bottom than on the
surface. When they are feeding on the bottom, the Check Nymph Method of fishing puts the fly
down where the trout are looking for food. It's a fast water technique. You must be able to get close
to the trout without spooking them the same way you do using the "high sticking" method of

The Czech anglers use a longer rod than most of us are used to using. The average length would
probably be ten feet. Most fly rods over nine feet long are switch or Spey rods. The problem with
using the Spey rods is that they are far too heavy. You want the rod/reel/line combination to be as
light as possible. You want to be able to feel the takes as much as possible and to be able to set
the hood without breaking the tippet.

You also want some flex in the rod when you are fighting a fish so that sudden surges don't break
the tippet. For that reason I don't recommend a rod with too stiff of a tip but it seems a slightly stiff
tipped rod helps one feel what the flies are doing. I use the same rods I use for the high sticking
method - currently, a nine foot, 5 or 6 weight rod. You can use a 6 weight but I think that's a little  
heavy for using the Czech nymph method in the Smokies. The Czech guys use a 3 or 4 weight rod
that is ten feet or longer. Just remember you are not casting the rod, so casting characteristics
aren't that important.

The Czechs prefer fly lines that are highly visible but again, I don't use highly visible fly lines fishing
for trout. I guess these things are a matter of individual preference and may not even make any
difference with this method but I just don't like taking a chance on the trout being able to see a
highly visible fly line flashing around above them. The Czech's justification is that they want to be
able to see the line easily. Watching the line and being able to detect the difference in a strike and
catching the bottom is an advantage but quite frankly, I don't see how anyone has a problem
seeing any a fly line of any color.

Many of the Czech anglers use a fluorocarbon leader instead of nylon. The smaller diameter of the
line for a given strength sinks faster than it does if the line is made of nylon. They may have a
point with that. I have not tested it both ways while using the Czech method. I have used nylon all of
the time. They also don't use a tapered leader. Tapered leaders are tapered to assist in the cast
and presentation of flies and in this case you are not casting the flies. I have used tapered fly line
simply because we have our own brand of Perfect Fly tapered leaders and I don't usually have
level leader of that size in my gear. I don't see any problem using regular mono nylon line or
fluorocarbon line for leader.

The Czech anglers use three nymphs. It's illegal to use more than two flies in Great Smoky
Mountains National Park, so two should be used. They place the heaviest fly in the middle. Using
two flies you should place the heaviest fly first and the lighter fly on the tag end of the leader. By
the way, they don't use the word tippet. They call the final dropper to the fly "leader".

They don't add weight above the flies. Czech style nymphs are weighted heavily usually with lead
wrapped around the hook shank. In exceptionally fast or deep water they may add a tungsten bead
at the head of the fly to increase the weight. Again, I don't use the standard Czech nymphs when
using their method of fishing nymphs. I use our Perfect Fly specific fly patterns.

I will get into how I go about rigging nymphs to use with the Czech system tomorrow.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh