Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Needle Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Craneflies
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

Midges - Part 10
Since this is relating mostly to fishing imitations of midges in the streams of the Smokies, I'll not get
into sight fishing to trout feeding on emerging pupae in the surface skim or emerged adults that
haven't departed the water. In spring creeks and tailwaters, it is often possible to sight fish to trout
eating emerging midge pupae in the surface skim as well as adults. It is possible to do that in the
small streams of the Smokies but I would say under normal cold water fishing circumstances, it isn't
very productive. In very cold weather, the trout tend to eat the emerging pupae more from the
bottom to mid-stream than on the surface.

Adults that have emerged and haven't yet departed the surface do sometimes get eaten by trout
even when the water is very cold. I would think that if one fished midge hatches during the times
they were hatching in water in the forties and low fifties, they could probably do okay in the
Smokies. One reason we don't, is that we usually find other larger insects hatching during those
times and also because some of the larger baitfish in many of the streams can be a problem. They
too are fond of the small insects and fishing a tiny dry fly can become frustrating at times.  

As mentioned in the last article, it is common for trout to feed on emerging and the newly emerged
adults on the surface in many tailwaters and spring creeks. For that reason, I want to point out
some things I think are very important yet often overlooked about fishing dry fly adult imitations of

The first thing that comes to mind is that your position, or the location you are in when making cast
to trout using the tiny flies, is of utmost importance. It is important to either be able to actually see
your fly or at least know very close to where it is at all times. Sometimes your ability to see the fly
can be greatly improved by changing your position. For example, you may change from an
upstream presentation to a downstream presentation and get a much better view of the fly due to
the direction of the natural light. Changing positions may change the areas of water covered by
shadows and your fly may become more visible. Changing your position may make presentations
of the tiny flies easier when there's a slight breeze blowing. Changing your position to get a
different and better angle with current direction may make a big difference.

Stop and think about the things that are going to affect your presentation before making mistakes
that spook the trout. Although these things are usually the case fishing any dry fly, they can
become more important when your fishing tiny flies that are difficult to see and/or keep track of.

This isn't exactly as simple as it seems to be because you must stay well hidden from trout feeding
on the surface. If you spook the trout feeding on midges, then it doesn't make much difference
which direction you approach the trout from. Movements tend to spook trout as much or more than
their ability to actually see you.  The appearance of you through their "window of vision" of the
water is usually blurred, especially of objects at lower angles relative to the horizon  If that blurred
object suddenly moves, you will probably spook them. The tree leaves and limbs may blow around
some but the tree trunks don't move around on the banks. Stay low and move very slowly.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
Perfect Fly "Adult Midges", sizes 20
and 22. Click on thumbnails to enlarge
Adult Cream Midge
Adult Light Green  Midge
Adult Black Midge, usually the
adult of the red midge larvae.