Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and Eastern BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Needle Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Craneflies
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

Midges - Part 8
Midge pupae are easy prey for trout at the point they are making an efforts to reach the surface of
the water and when they are hanging in the skim tying to emerge into adults. Most of the time they
become congregated in a drift lane. This isn't exactly easy for the tiny midges. The surface
meniscus must be broken through in order for them to get on top of the water and dry their wings.
This is normally imitated by presenting the fly on the bottom and letting it accent all the way to the
surface. Most of the time the trout will take the fly when it is near or in the surface skim.

The midge pupae shed their thin sheath much like caddis pupae when emerging. At some point the
adult midge will have the sheath still trailing behind prior to the adult fly separating from it. This is
why we designed our Perfect Fly pupae imitations with a tiny trailing shuck.

The Leisenring Lift, a fishing technique used for fishing caddis pupae, is also a good one to use
for midge pupae. You simply cast down and across from where you think the trout are feeding on
the midge pupae, mend the line to help get the fly down and let it swing around to the trout. Stop
the swing and slightly raise the tip of the rod to allow the current to bring the fly back to the
surface. They usually take the midge pupa fly when it just begins to drag in the skim.

You should use a very long and light tippet. Normally, twelve foot is a good length. In most cases it
takes at least a 6X tippet to even be able to thread the eye of a size 20 or 22 midge pupa fly, so
the tippet should be at least that light.

You can use this same method to cover different areas of water when you aren't sure where the
trout may be eating the emerging midges. Just take a step downstream prior to making each swing.
It's often almost impossible to determine where trout are taking the midge pupae. They do it very
softly, just making a tiny rise ring, it any at all.

The problem we have encountered fishing imitations of midge pupae in some of the streams of the
Smokies is the fact your going to catch quite a few little war paint shiners and chubs. Trout are not
the only fish to eat the emerging pupa. There seems to be far less activity from the baitfish when
the water is cold, less than about 45 degrees, and that's when we do the best using them for trout.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh