Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and Eastern BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Needle Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Craneflies
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

Midges - Part 2
Many of your have probably never thought about the fact that midges are a very important part of
the food chain for fish. They are a major part of what young trout and other gamefish feed on.
Since they emerge most every day of the year, they are available as a substance food.

It doesn't take much effort on the part of the fish to feed on them. Trout need to spend only a small
amount of energy eating them. They are usually present in large numbers and the trout can feed
on them as long as they want to without moving around and using a lot of energy. They are most
important during the cold winter when the water is very cold.

Since trout do feed on midges for long periods of time, that gives us an advantage fishing for them.
We don't have to time things down to a short period of time such as we do with many other insects.
You can catch trout all day long on midge pupae imitations.

The only thing most anglers dislike about them is their size. That's the big issue. That's always my
big issue. I have two ways of fishing the small flies. I get Angie to tie them on for me, or use my
midge threader. I'll get into midge threaders later on in the series. One of the other of these two
methods is necessary for me because I can't see things well that are close up. I wear the highest
power drug store reading glasses I can find. I don't have a problem seeing things at a distance. If I
can deal with midges, anyone can.

Midges are included in many different families. They are in all types of water, warm and cold,
running and still. The ones we need to become familiar with are in the family Chironomidae. They
are a few others found in cold water trout streams but the great majority are in the Chironomidae
family. You will also hear them called knats. That common name came from England.

Look at it like this. Unlike mayflies, caddisflies and stoneflies, you don't have to become concerned
about individual species or even genera. There are thousands of species and it usually takes a
magnifying glass to tell the difference in them. In this respect, they are far less complicated than  
the other aquatic insects that vary greatly in appearance. About the only major difference in
species is some difference in size and color.

To learn to fish midges,
you first must be willing to get rid of a few perceptions. You need to
disregard those that turn their noses up at midges or for that matter, any other method or
technique. This includes some of those that have been fishing for fifty or sixty years. Many old
timers have used less than the most effective methods, techniques and flies their entire lifetime.
That happens to anyone who begins to think they know it all or too anyone who becomes set in
their ways.

The only way to become a better angler is to be versatile and continue to try to learn new methods
and to develop new skills. Fly fishing is a never ending learning game. Any type of fishing is a
never ending learning game. Don't ever forget that.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh