Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little and Eastern BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Needle Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Craneflies
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

Fly Presentation - Part 2

The Upstream Presentation:

I didn't mention it in yesterday's article, but these presentation articles apply only to flies your want
to drift drag free. And also, just in case your not familiar, it doesn't just include dry flies that are
drifting on the surface. It includes any fly that imitates food that would drift naturally with the current
including all types of larvae and nymphs. It could include certain crustaceans and other aquatic
and terrestrial insects.  It doesn't include streamers that you would use to imitate baitfish, crayfish
and sculpin, for example. You can add or impart action to streamers much the same way you can
add action to a fishing lure. You an even present them against the current.

The advantage of the upstream cast is that the trout are unlikely to see you since they generally
are facing the current looking away from your downstream position. Don’t take this to mean you
don't need to be cautious. The trout usually move from side to side when searching the surface for
food and rising and are still very capable of seeing you if you are hap hazardous in your approach.
It's also a fact that they can see almost all the way around themselves.

Another advantage of the upstream cast is that drag tends to be less of a problem since the line is
coming back to you downstream with the current as opposed to cross ways with the current.
Although conflicting currents can still cause drag, drag is not normally as big of a factor as it is with
most any cross-stream presentation.

Another little thought of advantage is that when a fish takes your fly, you are in the right position to
set the hook, that is, the fish is facing away from you and you are striking back into the mouth of
the fish.

The big disadvantage of the upstream approach is that your leader may spook the fish, especially
if the cast is made directly upstream whereas the leader must fall to the water directly on top of the
fish and then come back downstream over the fish. For this reason, it's usually best to approach
the fish or their likely holding position from a slight angle so that the fly comes back downstream
over the fish but not the leader.

Also, the length of the cast is important. Too much leader or any fly line passing over the fish is
just not good. You don’t want to land the fly right on top of the trout either. That's not good at all.
So, getting the length of the cast down pat is a big key, especially if your dry fly fishing and if the
cast is made directly or almost directly upstream.

The puddle cast, pile cast, curve cast and reach mends are used to control drag on the upstream
cast, and I might add, as well as cast made from other directions.  These and other special cast
and line handling techniques can be used to prevent the fish from becoming spooked by the
leader or fly line.

This isn't a casting article. I'm not getting into how these cast are made. These types of cast are
covered in numerous books, on the web in articles and videos, and on instructional casting videos.
You must practice them though. You cannot possibly learn to make these or any other types of
cast just by watching or reading about how it's done.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh