Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little)
2.    Cream Cahills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Little Summer Stones)
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Little Green Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Inch Worm (moth larva)
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

Tired, but headed to the park with Chris this morning. This will be the last day of fishing until the
end of the week when he returns from Ft. Bragg for four more days of fishing. He has caught lots
of trout and a few smallmouth. Yesterday was spent at the South Holston, the day before in the
park, the evening before that in Sevierville on the Little Pigeon River chasing smallmouths.

He caught about thirty rainbows and brook trout in the Smokies day before yesterday before
stopping to focus on big browns later in the day. He managed only a small brown. I'm sure he could
of doubled the number of trout caught if we hadn't of spent three of the best hours of the day
taking a shot at the big brown. Did great at the South Holston but I'm out of time and headed to the
park for another day of great fishing.

Needle Stonefly
(Leuctridae Family of Stoneflies)
The adults deposit their eggs during the day usually in the afternoons and probably during the
evenings. Fishing an imitation of the eggs layers is almost like fishing a mayfly dun or spinner. You
can use a larger imitation than the adults because they are always fluttering just above the surface
and actually touch the surface with their wings still fluttering.

There is an amazing difference in the way these stoneflies look flying than they do when they are
not flying. They look much like caddisflies in the air but as you can see, they are very narrow and
long, tiny flies that remotely resemble pine needles. Flying they look much larger than they actually
are. We suspect many anglers think these stoneflies are caddisflies and a caddisfly imitation may
very well work for the ovipositing females.

Even though these are sometimes called "Black Rolled Winged Stoneflies", they are mostly dark
brown. We have been able to catch trout imitating the egg layers every time we have tried. It is
common to see trout eating them on the surface in the fall months. It seems most of the activity is
in the high elevation streams although you will find them everywhere there is fast water.

You want to present the adult imitation where you see the adults depositing their eggs. They do
that in the same type of water they hatch in. I vary the presentation depending on the
circumstances. The important thing is just to get the fly where the action is. I do use a dead drift.
Do try to add action to the fly. You may just scare trout away. The real adults do all their
maneuvering above the water, not on the surface.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh