Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little)
2.    Cream Cahills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Little Summer Stones)
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Little Green Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Inch Worm (moth larva)
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

Some Full Days of Fishing Ahead
It seems like the last twenty or so trips I have made fly fishing the streams of the park have been
short ones. I don't remember fishing longer than two or three hours any day since late June or
early July. That's going to change beginning tomorrow. I will be putting in two straight days fly
fishing from early to late, although some of it may not be in the park. I do mow our lawn and that's
not an easy task. The back part is straight up and down and the front lawn is very steep in places.
You cannot use a riding mover, that's for sure.

I mention this only because I do it intentionally to help keep in shape. I also walk Biddie, our child
dog, up and down the steep road that circles around the top of the high ridge we live on. It's our
daily hunting trip and by the way, you would be surprised at the animals we sometimes spot but
that's another story. In addition, I climb up and down a set of stairs about fifty times a day or more.
We have ten foot ceilings and that makes it a little more climbing than some.

I know I'm rambling but I'll add, hopefully for the benefit of those young men and women that
smoke. One of the three chronic diseases I'm living with is emphysema. I'll stop and add that these
are all minor compared to the major problems many guys my age (69) live with. Thanks to good
doctors and a ton of medicine, I do about anything I want to and get along just great. What I want
to mention, is that in 1980, I accidentally burned my daughter on the arm with a cigarette. Although
I had smoked for about 17 years, that did it. I quit right then and there and I've never smoked one
since that day she cried from a little blister I made on her arm.

About twelve years ago, the doctor showed me an X ray of my lungs and diagnosed it as
emphysema. I get short of breath taking a shower. If you smoke, think about that the next time you
think that you can always quit later on.

Little Yellow Quill - Nymphs
The Little Yellow Quill nymphs are clingers and clinger stay hidden most of the time up until they
migrate to the shallows to emerge or venture out from down in between and under the rocks on the
bottom of the stream to eat. The nymphs prefer moderate to fast current up until they migrate to
the slower moving water to emerge. They emerge in pockets, the ends of pools, the ends of runs
and riffles, slack water near the banks or other types of shallow water that is near the faster water
of their normal habitat.

They nymphs are usually about a hook size 16. They have a yellowish/green tint to their abdomens.
As with most any clinger nymph, by  far the best time to imitate them is the easiest time for the
trout  to acquire them and that's just prior to the hatch. They are no longer able to hide
underneath teh rocks on the stream substrate and move out in shallow water where they are fully

Imitations of the Little Yellow Quill clinger nymphs  should be fished up and across on
a dead drift. It can be presented as a dropper on a two fly rig but it's far better to keep the fly on
the bottom.

If the water is low, and it often is in the Smokies during the late Summer and early Fall, you may
need to use a down and across presentation to keep from spooking the trout feeding on them. We
also suggest a long, light leader with a six X tippet under these conditions. You want to allow the fly
to swing from the ends of the riffles or end of a runs where the water slows down.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh