Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Little)
2.    Cream Cahills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Little Summer Stones)
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Little Green Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Inch Worm (moth larva)
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

Trout Live In the Water, Not On It
The brain damage I encountered from recent Internet attacks was severe. The only possible cure
was to drop everything needing to be done and head to the park for a little fly fishing. Even though
it was Saturday and the streets of Pigeon Forge were normal, meaning they were flowing heavly
with traffic, the number of visitors in the park seemed comparatively low. From my limited viewpoint,
the number of anglers fishing in the park seemed extremely low. I didn't see anyone fishing and I
didn't even as much as spot a very fishy looking vehicle. Of course, a fishy looking vehicle could
range from a new Land Rover with a TU sticker to a '84 Ford Ranger with a dozen fly fishing decals
on its windows.

The sky was solid overcast when I first started but that soon changed to bright sunshine. I followed
my last fly fishing strategy article's advice and fished a size 20 BWO nymph (I probably
recommended a size 18 in the strategy article) and caught enough in the short time I fished that I
would be embarrassed to mention the number. I caught them when the skies were overcast and
when the skies were clear. The only other thing on my tippet or leader was a tiny split shot.

I didn't see anything hatching, most likely because I quit fishing before anything should hatch. I was
hooking a trout every few cast. Two were good size rainbows, better than eight or nine inches long,
and two of them were brown trout that were larger than that. These came from the upper section of
Little River in full view of the road just below the turn to Elkmont. Once I had caught a few trout, my
mind began to return to the unfinished work I needed to do. The virus problems, more specifically
the time it took to make certain I was clear of problems,  put me off schedule a couple of days.
None of the "prevent" programs I have used, including Norton and Avast have eliminated all of the

When I returned yesterday, I had a lengthy conversation with a Pennsylvania dentist, a new
customer who just started fly fishing. He mentioned he thought fly fishing might help relieve some
of the drudgery of his profession. He was the second dentist from Pennsylvania that I had almost
that same conversation with during the past three or four days. In fact, it seems like I have that
same conversations with others just getting started on a regular basis. What was most interesting
about these two were that in both cases, both gentlemen mentioned they had yet to see anything
hatch during the times they had fished. Both men had fished very fertile streams with high pH
levels that are full of aquatic insects. It reminded me of a very important point that many, if not
most, fly anglers seem to misconceive.
An aquatic insect only hatches during one day of the
Some hatch only one day out of their two year life span and a few species only one day out
of a three year life span. That means on the average, the odds of any one insect hatching on any
given day is less than one in 365.

Yes, a hatch does make it easier for the trout to find and eat the insects. They become fully
exposed and lack any means of protection from being eaten. Yes, hatches brings anglers a good
opportunity to catch trout. It provides them the best opportunity to catch one on a dry fly.

HOWEVER, even when a hatch is occurring, most insects are eaten below the surface. I'll repeat
Even during a hatch, most of the emerging (hatching) insects are eaten below the
. Only a very small percentage are actually taken from the surface. In fact, after reaching
the surface, the insects usually depart the water in a matter of seconds.
GUYS, an aquatic insect typically only spends a few seconds of its entire life on the
surface of the water.

Although it makes it easier for the trout, insects don't have to hatch for trout to eat them. If that
was a requirement, they would all starve to death.
Ninety-nine point xxxx percent of them
(some unknown percent of them) are eaten below the surface. My guess is 99.995 percent or

Keep this in mind and unless your completely missing a cog or two, it should help you catch more
trout. Sure, you can fish a dry fly.
I fish a dry fly most of the time I fish; however, I always do
so fully aware that I'm usually seriously reducing my odds of catching trout.

By the way, our next Perfect Fly fly rod (I'm currently working on the design and testing) is going to
be a 6 weight, 10 foot, 4 piece rod designed specifically for fishing nymphs, and especially for
using the high sticking and Czech methods.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh