Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    BWOs (Eastern)
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Cream Cahills
5.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Little Summer Stones)
6.    Sulphurs
7.    Slate Drakes
8.    Little Green Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
10.  Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
11.  Inch Worm (moth larva)
12.  Beetles
13.  Grasshoppers
14.  Ants

New Perfect Fly Leaders
We are taking a much bigger leap into the leader business than we previously have at
Perfect Fly. In fact,
we will be offering as many or more nylon leaders as any of the
manufacturers including RIO. Some of the nylon leaders will have fluorocarbon tippets and in
some cases, fluorocarbon shock tippets. It will take a couple more months to get our
complete line finished but we already have some of the new leaders available online and
ready to ship.

One leader that we think will be popular in the Smokies as well as any area of the country
with small, pocket water streams, is our new 7 1/2 foot length.
It is available in sizes ranging
from a 1X down to a 7X.  The shorter length works best for the short cast often used in small,
pocket water trout streams.

We also have a new line of
tapered Bass Leaders that are suitable for both largemouth and
smallmouth bass. These are 7 foot leaders available in 8, 10, 12 and 14 pound test sizes.

We have a new line of leaders for those that like to catch the mighty
Bream, Shellcrackers,
and other types of panfish. They come in a 7 foot length and 4, 6 and 8 pound test sizes.

By the way, unlike some leader manufacturers, we don't market our leaders with misleading
strength designations. In other words,
we don't call a true 5X leader a 4X leader to try to
fool anglers into thinking our leaders are stronger than anyone's else's leaders
The leaders break near or just above the designated strength. Calling a 5X leader, for
example, a "strong" leader should insult anyone's intelligence.
It's purely a marketing
You can use hard or soft nylon which changes the resistance to abrasion along
with the elasticity. Smaller diameter material can have a higher breaking strength than a
larger diameter material if you change certain characteristics of the nylon, but nylon is nylon.

As you can see from the leader index, we are adding many other leaders including leaders
for several other freshwater species as well as a complete line of saltwater fly fishing leaders.

A Welcome Change Ahead
From a weather and stream level situation, this coming week should be quite different from
what we have experienced for the past few weeks. The temperatures will be more normal
both at nighttime and during the day. Highs are predicted to only reach the mid to high

I woke up to a welcome sound this morning. It was raining rather steady without the lightning
and thunder you would normally expect at this time of the year. It's possible I could have
been sleeping well enough to have missed the thunder and lightning. It was still dark when I
walked out on the porch but it felt so good that I decided to have my first cup of coffee on the
porch listening to the rain. The cool air made it feel more like a Fall morning than a July

There's a good chance of rain everyday for most of the coming week. It's possible for some
of the streams to get on the high side, and if they do, I promise I won't complain. The rain is
needed. The Smokies can be very dry during the late Summer and early Fall and the rain is
always welcome at this time of the year. During the Summer, the freestone streams rely 100
percent on the rain for their water.

KISS A Bug Series - Eastern Blue-winged Olives - Duns
Although they usually spend a few seconds drying their wings on the surface of the water,
trout seem to prefer the emerging nymphs over the duns. As we previously stated, the
trailing shuck version, or a dun that still has its nymphal shuck attached, works great.

I feel confident that there would never be enough of these mayflies hatching at any one time
for the trout to feed on them selectively on them; however, there are so few other mayflies
hatching at the time most of the Eastern BWOs species hatch, I feel sure the trout become
accustomed to seeing them on a fairly regular basis. As I also mentioned before, we have
never failed to be able to consistently catch trout on imitations of the Eastern BWOs when
they are hatching.

Use the smallest tippet you can get away with (5X or 6X) and present the dun imitation using
an up, or up and across stream cast. If there's not much success encountered fishing the
Perfect Fly dun imitation I suggest that you fish the trailing shuck emerger pattern. Again, I
have found the trailing shuck version of the emerging dun to be very effective during this

These mayflies hatch in the slow to moderately moving water that's adjacent to the fast water
of the runs and riffles, or the slow side of the current seams. Instead of concentrating on
getting the fly to drift down the current in the faster water, try to place it in the calmer water
behind boulders and the small pockets along the banks. The fly usually doesn't drift very far
but you will be placing it right where these mayflies emerge.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh