Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Light Cahills
5.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)
6.    Sulphurs
7.    Slate Drakes
8.    Golden Stoneflies
9.    Little Green Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
10.  Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
11.  Inch Worm (moth larva)
12.  Beetles
13.  Grasshoppers

Trout Flies - Grass Hopper Imitations

In case your not familiar, our Perfect Flies are changing the way trout flies are designed, tied
and marketed.  Ever since the traditional patterns were brought over from Europe, trout flies
have been generic or attractor flies. Very few fly patterns are tied to match specific insects or
other trout foods. Perfect Fly has a specific imitation for every major insect in all stages of its
life that trout feed on. Not only do they look and act like the naturals, they are named the
same thing as the naturals. Of course, there are a few specific imitations sold by the few
distributors that makeup 98 percent of the commercial fly market. For some strange reason, I
guess because of the popularity of the dry fly, the few that do exist are specific imitations of
mayfly duns. There are very few specific imitations of the nymphs, emergers, and spinners of
mayflies. There are very, very few of the caddisflies and then only in their adult stage of life.
Most of the other aquatics and terrestrials do not have specific imitations. One big reason for
this is most of the tiers that have came up with the four million fly patterns that exist don't
have a clue what the insects look like, much less know how to identify them. In many cases,
they were more interested in having a fly named after themselves than anything else. It's
about impossible to tie a fly that won't catch a fish and when a fly does catch one, it's
instantly put in the "this is a good fly" category in the eyes of the person that caught the fish.

Most all of the flies on the commercial market are tied in foreign countries by tiers that have
never seen a mayfly, stonefly or caddisfly, Other than our Perfect Flies, there's very few
specific imitations of the insects or the crustaceans, sculpin and baitfish, for that matter..

You may have noticed that our Perfect Fly company has three different colors and several
different hook sizes of sandwich hoppers but nothing that's normal for our Perfect Flies in the
respect the imitations match the naturals very well. The sandwich hoppers are designed to
float high and dry as well as serve as a strike indicator for flies dropped down below them.

We think all of our Perfect Flies but our hoppers are much more realistic and more effective
in catching trout than any other trout flies in existence. If so, you may wonder why our
hoppers don't fit the general design concept of all our other flies. There's a good reason for
it. We have yet to be able to improve on Dave Whitlock's hopper, or Dave's Hopper. It is an
excellent imitation of a grass hopper. Since it's made mostly of deer hair, it's best for smooth
water surfaces as opposed to fast, broken water. It has some problems with buoyancy if
fished in the wrong type of water but otherwise, it's a great imitation of a grass hopper and
one we haven't figured out how to improve on. It will take a large brown trout out of a spring
creek that's clear as gin.
We sell them and sell them for only $.85 each delivered.

We are working on improving Dave's fly for use in fast water applications using various other
types of material such as foam along the same realistic design but so far, we haven't come
up with something we feel is better. There are better imitations of the hoppers to use in fast
water but none of those are satisfactory as far as we are concerned.

We will be introducing two new imitations of the cricket within the next few days. A cricket is
technically in the same family as the hoppers but it looks quite different. One version is a
generic that will be sold at a low price and the other one is our new Perfect Fly Cricket
imitation that looks just like a cricket.

There are not as many grass hoppers as you may think there are along the streams of Great
Smoky Mountains National Park because most of streams are in the forest with little grass
lining the banks of them. In some places there are various types of grass and weeds on the
streams that flow beneath heavy canopied forest. There are also a few open areas with lots
of grass near the streams.

One good way to handle the hot summer and early fall, is to fish a grass hopper imitation on
the surface and drop a small nymph or larva below it. I say small because there are lots of
midge larva and young caddis larva as well as immature mayfly and stonefly nymphs in the
streams during the summer. Trout eat a lot more of them than they do terrestrial insects
including grass hoppers. If you continue to adjust for changing depths of water and add
weight  to adjust for the current you are fishing, you stand a good chance of catching trout.

Our sandwich hoppers work great for this. They are made of closed cell, high density foam,
float high in the water and are capable of supporting nymphs and larvae imitations. They act
as a strike indicator and they often catch trout themselves in the fast water. I don't suggest
this rig during high winds when there may be enough of any one type of insect being blown
in the water. For example, when the moth larva (inch worms) are hanging from the trees and
the wind is blowing hard, I would fish a single fly - an inch worm imitation. Many of them are
bound to get blown into the water. When a downpour has occurred and beetles and ants are
being washed into the water from the forest, I would fish a single ant or beetle imitation.

We have sandwich hoppers in brown, red and green and in hook sizes 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh