Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1.    Midges
2.    Little Winter Stoneflies

Most available/ Near hatching and other types of available food:
3.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
4.    Blue Quills  (Nymphs)     
5.    Blue-winged Olives (Nymphs)

Basic Nymphing Using A Strike Indicator - Part Three

I haven't mentioned anything about the different types of weights you can add to your tippet. In
the Smokies you can use lead weight. In streams and areas where you can't, it presents a
problem. You just don't have as many options with respect to adding weight to the tippet because
in general, it takes more bulk of most other materials to amount to the same weight as lead. Gold
would be a great weight, but at about $1800.00 an ounce, I doubt many anglers would use it. I'm
not getting into whether lead should or shouldn't be allowed, I'm only saying it makes it a little
more difficult to add weight to your tippet if lead cannot be used. Lead split-shot makes it fairly

There are many different types of lead split-shot containers. Some have several different sizes of
split shot in one container and some have only one size in a container. In the later case, many
anglers carry several different size containers. Some anglers prefer to use the same size
split-shot and just add or reduce the number to adjust the weight. Personally, I think having
several different size of lead split shots makes it more difficult to get the right amount of weight on
your tippet. My preference is to keep it simple and use only two or three different containers or
sizes of split shot. I don't like the a containers with several different sizes. In most cases, a
container of BB size split-shot will work out quite well.

Double or Tanden Nymph Rigs:
One very popular method of nymphing is using a tandem or double nymph rig. Personally, I
almost never use this approach but I'm probably in a minority. I feel like two flies offers little
advantage and in some cases, is even a disadvantage. On the other hand, there are cases
where certain insects are about to hatch when a combination of two different flies representing
two different stages of life of the insect may offer an advantage. Without getting into when and
where tandem or double nymph rigs should be used, I will just go over some points about the

There are many different ways to create a double nymph rig, and of course, the sizes of the
leader and tippet will vary with the type of fishing and the sizes of the flies you are using. For an
example, let's confine this to two small flies, the largest of which isn't over a hook size 16. I would
normally use a 5X tippet to the first fly. I would use an improved clinch knot for that knot and tie a
second piece of tippet to the bend of the hook and always using a lighter tippet, in this case a 6x.
If your bottom fly snags on something, you don't lose both flies, you only lose the bottom one. I tie
this second fly to the bend of the first hook using a uni-knot. The lower fly is between 12 and 24
inches from the upper fly.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh