Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2.    Little Yellow Quills (
Heptagenia Group)
3.    Needle Stoneflies
4     Slate Drakes
5     Great Brown Autumn Sedge
6.    Midges
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Fly Fishing Strategies - What Fly To Use - Part 17 - Continued
The key is to imitate the insects and or other food that's most available and easiest
for the trout to acquire. If you haven't read the first parts of this series, please do so.
It will help make this article more meaningful.

I see little change in the weather or the levels of the streams from what I reported in
yesterday's article. I'm writing this very early Friday morning and all three USGS Real
Time Stream Flow charts for Little River, Cataloochee Creek and the Oconaluftee
River are still very high. As mentioned yesterday, I expect the fall in water levels to be
slower than what we usually see during the warmer months. The temperature this
morning is going to be slightly warmer than Yesterday's forecast. Gatlingburg will
reach a low 29 but it will rise back up to around 52 this afternoon. Of course the
location of all but the low elevation streams will see even colder lows.

As mentioned yesterday, the fishing conditions are going to change every day for the
next few days. This is not only true in terms of stream levels and water temperatures,
it will also change from bright clear skies to cloudy skies Saturday night. They have
changed the next low arrival to Sunday with a 20 percent chance of rain. Rain is
forecast for several days following Sunday. That means the stream levels will most
likely remain high for next week.

The coming warm, springlike weather next week will again slow down the hatches of
baetis mayflies. They hatch best in water that's in the high forties and very low fifties..
There may be some small Blue-winged Olive species hatch but I think most of them
have already hatched. Even though the weather is warm, midges will probably be the
only thing hatching of much significance. I will be removing the Slate Drakes from the
list of insects today. They have finished their long split-season hatch. I'll be leaving
the Little Yellow Quills up for another week or so, but if there any hatches, it will be at
the very lowest elevations they exist. There may well be a few Great Autumn Brown
Sedges that hatch because the weather has averaged on the warm side and slowed
the hatches down. If so, remember they both deposit their eggs and crawl out of the
water to hatch very late in the day near dark. The bottom line to this is that unless you
happen to see some of the big Autumn Sedges hatching near dark, you will be limited
mostly to a possible BWO hatch and midges as far as hatches go. You may have
some good
baetis hatches today and Saturday but by Sunday, the odds will decrease
due to the warming water.

If you happen to fish today, and I doubt many will, you should still stick with the same
strategy I have been suggesting for the past few weeks except you may want to rely
on streamers due to the high water. If not, begin with a hook size 18 BWO nymph and
stick with it until you see something hatching. Most likely that would be BWOs this
early afternoon and/or midges.

If you do notice much midge activity, change to a Midge Pupa fly. Most of the time this
will be little Cream Midges. Continue with the pupa imitation until you see a lot of egg
laying activity. If so, you may want to try a dry fly imitation of the Adult Cream Midge.
Remember, they will continue to eat the pupa fly even when the egg laying is going on
because they often hatch and deposit eggs during the same time period.

The odds of hatches are about the same for Saturday. This same strategy should be
used for the next few days. The only changes will be the hatches of BWOs will
decrease when the water warms up in the mid fifties or higher. You may get lucky and
find a good Autumn Brown Sedge Hatch. If you do, change to a Great Autumn Brown
Sedge Pupa. If the egg laying activity increases, go to the Adult imitation. This will only
occur very late in the day.

If you choose to use streamers, as the days go by, the water will clear and you should
change the color of your streamer accordingly. Today, with some stain in the water, I
suggest you use our Yellow or Black Marabou Sculpin Streamer. When the water gets
clear, go to our Brown Sculpin, White Belly Sculpin or the White Marabou Sculpin.

Our New DVD Release "Stalking Appalachian Trout".

Copyright 2011 James Marsh