Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (Little BWOs)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Little Yellow Quills (
Heptagenia Group)
4.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
5.    Needle Stoneflies
6.    Slate Drakes
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Grasshoppers
9.    Ants (includes Flying Ants)
10.  Beetles
11.  Craneflies
12.  Great Brown Autumn Sedge

My Creative Excuse For Not Having An Article Yesterday
I think my computers are developing attitudes. Yesterday, I clicked the normal things
to send the article I had written to be published and hurriedly left home to try to get
some early shots on a video we're working on. Just after midnight last night, I
discovered i failed to select the particular website I wanted the article to be published
on. I have four sites that are all done using the same software program. You would
think that as smart as my computer is, it could read my simple mind. Instead of figuring
it out on its own, it just stubbornly sat there all day long refusing to do anything until I
answered the question "which website do you want to publish this on, stupid?". Well,
thanks to the bad attitude it developed, the article didn't get published. Now, I'm really
going to upset it and publish the same article for today.

Yesterday's Article Today:
Day Before Yesterday, I wrote the following:
Just keep in mind that the articles I will be doing each week on fly selection can't
possibly cover everything there is to know. It isn't a cut and dry solution to the
challenge of consistently catching trout. It also leaves out an equally important
subject in its entirety and that's the presentation of the fly. You should research our
previous articles on this site and our Perfect Fly site for the specific presentation
methods that work best for the particular insects the flies I suggest imitates. Doing so,
as well as practicing the presentations on the water, will greatly improve you catch
ratio and make you a much better angler.

I cannot place too much emphasis on the importance of presentation of the flies I
recommend you use at any given time. Off hand, your probably thinking I mean you
should get a drag-free drift. In most cases, you should get a drag-free drift, but that's
just part of making a good presentation. It's even more important to present the fly in
the same manner as the natural insect or other food the fly is intended to imitate
would behave, otherwise, your defeating the purpose of the imitation.

There's a big tendency for one to just cast the fly in the fast water of a run or riffle,
and try to get a good drift, without given any consideration as to whether or not that's
the area of the stream, and the type of water, that particular imitation should be
drifting. Let's suppose it's a nymph imitation of the Little Needle Stoneflies, that if not
already, should start hatching in the near future. Let's also assume you make a short
upstream cast and watch your line for a trout to take the fly as it drifts back
downstream in the fast water of the run, for example. After all, this is the basic thing
taught by most of the experts that's supposed to know what they are doing, but in this
case, Is that what Little Needle Stonefly nymphs would be doing?
I don't think so.

First of all, I wouldn't recommend fishing that fly unless those insects were starting to
hatch. That's because if they were not starting to hatch, they would be hidden down
between and under the rocks on the bottom of the stream. They certainly wouldn't be
drifting downstream in a fast water run. You could probably seine the same run for a
month and not catch one single Little Needle Stonefly nymph. In that particular
scenario, although you may well catch an opportunistically feeding trout, you would
not be imitating the behavior of the LNS nymph that was going to hatch. They crawl
out of the water on the banks or the streams and up on top of rocks and boulders that
protrude out of the water to hatch. They don't do that drifting in the fast water of a
run. They do that by crawling into an area of the stream with slow to moderate flows
where they can crawl up on the bank or rock. It should stay right on the bottom and
move from the fast water of runs and riffles into the slow water near a bank. Your fly
should always do the same thing as the real insects. The trout are watching the real
nymphs do exactly that. They see what's happening in their kitchen, just as well as
you can see what's in your kitchen. They are not looking for them to be drifting
downstream in the fast water of a run. They are not looking for them to be drifting a
foot or two above the bottom. They are looking for them to be crawling on the bottom.
Exactly WHERE you fish any imitation of an insect is very important.

There's another important part of this particular example of the Little Needle Stonefly
that I'm using as an example. They only do this under very low light conditions,. You
won't see them crawling out of the water in the middle of a bright, sunshiny day. They
crawl out to hatch near dark, in the evening, or in the early morning during low light
conditions. If your fishing the fly any other time of the day, under other conditions,
your putting the fly at a big disadvantage.
Exactly WHEN you fish an imitation of
any insect is also very important.

Now, I could go on and on and with each fly that I might recommend you fish and
provide other similar examples of where just having the best fly selection is only a part
of the overall strategy. In fact, I may do that a few more times in future articles to
stress the importance of presentation.

Copyright 2011 James Marsh