Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives (Little Eastern BWOs)
2.    Mahogany Duns
3.    Cream Cahills
4.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Little Summer Stones)
5.    Little Green Stoneflies
6.    Slate Drakes
7. .  Sculpin, Minnows (streamers)
8.    Inch Worms
9.    Grasshoppers
10.  Ants
11.  Beetles
12.  Craneflies
13.  Flying Ants

Mahogany Dun Emergers
Like most mayflies, before emerging, the Mahogany Dun nymphs migrate to slower,
calmer water than they spend most of their life in. They emerge in shallow pockets
along the banks, behind rock and boulders, and in other marginal water areas not
directly in the current. Like their Blue Quill sisters and brothers that hatch in the early
Spring, they emerge in very shallow, slow moving water. The little mayfly nymphs will
hold in the areas of the stream they hatch from anywhere from a day to a few days
prior to emerging and departing the water. It's during this time trout key in on the
nymphs. The trout know what's happening because the migration of the nymphs and
the emergence takes place in their front yard right before their eyes.

The little nymphs may make several attempts to emerge by swimming to the surface
several times before shedding their shucks. In the Smokies, this usually occurs during
the late afternoon near sunset. The warmer the weather, the later in the day they
hatch. When the weather begins to cool off some, they may emerge as early as the
middle of the afternoon. When the weather is hot, it will be almost dark before they
emerge. Keep in mind they are very small mayflies, hook size 18, and they are not
easy to see, especially in low light conditions. Often the only thing you will notice is the
swirls the trout make swimming into the shallow water, eating them, and darting back
to deeper water.  

In order to catch trout on the "Perfect Fly" Emerger or the Perfect Fly Emerger with
the trailing shuck, you must fish the fly in the right areas of the stream. If you just cast
the fly in the runs and riffles of the stream, or the pools, for that matter, you will be
mostly wasting time.

Fish the "Perfect Fly" Emerger or the Emerger with the trailing shuck, whichever you
prefer, without any added weight or a very tiny split shot at the most.. Normally you
would use an up and across the current presentation. In most cases, you will need to
make longer cast than normal because of the shallow water your casting to. It is easy
to spook the trout feeding on the nymphs, so you have to stay low and make long
cast. You also should use longer, lighter leaders and tippet than normal. We normally
use a 9 foot or longer 6X tippet.

The CDC wings should float in the surface skim. Do not add floating to the fly or you
will defeat the purpose of the CDC. In some cases, a down and across presentations
is often necessary to prevent spooking the trout feeding on the emergers.


Perfect Fly
Mahogany Dun Emerger with Trailing Shuck

Copyright 2011 James Marsh