Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Sulphurs
7.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
8.    Little Green Stoneflies
9.    Golden Stoneflies
10.  Slate Drakes
11.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
12.  Inch Worms
13.  Grasshoppers
14.  Ants
15.  Beetles

Brook Trout Streams - Part 2
It's the time of year when the high elevation streams really become important, so for the next few
days I will be pointing out some high elevation brook trout streams (and some not so high),
many of which you may be familiar with and some you may not be familiar with.

Road Prong (Tributary of West Prong of Little Pigeon River)
Road Prong is one of the best brook trout streams in the park that is fairly easily to
access. It can be accessed from the same popular trail that leads to the Chimney
Tops. When I say easy to access, I'm only referring to getting to the stream. I'm not
referring to fishing it once your there.

The Chimney Tops trail leads to the Road Prong Trail, which is about a mile from
the highway #441 Chimney Tops trailhead. There are points where the trails cross
the creek just about the entire length of Road Prong and that's where most anglers
access the stream. In most places the water is very difficult to reach from the trail.
The trail is high above the stream in many areas and about impossible to reach in
most places except at the crossings.

This is not exactly a very small stream. If the water is at a normal level or higher, it's
tough to wade and must be done within the stream. It requires a lot of boulder
climbing. The upper sections are generally steeper and even tougher to maneuver
but there's plenty of beautiful brook trout in the stream for those willing to go to a
little extra effort. Most people that fish this stream fish it from the first two or three
points where the trails cross the stream. Few venture farther than the first mile or
two upstream of its beginning.

Cream Cahill Emergers
I think most of the species of the Maccaffertium genus that are called Cream Cahills
hatch in the evenings. I haven't found many newly hatched duns. At the first of their
hatch period, which is now, you will find them hatching very late in the day from
about sunset to dark. Later in the Summer and early Fall it seems you just discover  
the duns on the stream and you don't see them hatching, usually the day after the
night they hatched.

I would assume they hatch in the surface skim like the other species of this genus
but I don't know that for certain. According to the many books I have read, they are
suppose to hatch in the surface skim. I have not be able to successfully raise these
nymphs to hatch in an aquarium, I think because of the amount of oxygen they
need to survive. The clingers are much more difficult to raise than the crawlers or
swimmers. Because of that, I have not actually witnessed one hatching. I have
found them soon after they hatched and i have found them the following day after
they hatched but not in the actual process.

Although I am appreciative of the work and effort put forth by most of the writers of
the aquatic insect books on trout fishing, I have discovered many errors that have
been put in print as well as differences from one book to the next. Many of the
authors are guilty of copying others and I'm afraid some information that isn't
correct has been copied from one book to the next.

You want to present the emerger imitations, both trailing shuck and regular  
emerger, in the current seams along side the fast water of the runs and riffles. I
prefer to use a short up stream, or up and across stream presentation. The fly
should drift in the surface skim. You shouldn't have any trouble detecting the
strikes provided you don't make a long cast. Do not add floatant to the fly.

Notice our two versions are slightly different. This is partially due to the difference in
lighting or the photo itself, but also due to a difference made intentionally. The
emerging duns should be darker when they first begin to emerge. I have seen duns
that were much darker than others and I think it was due to the amount of time they
were out of the water, or drying time. The trailing shuck version is a little lighter than
the emerging nymph or plain emerger version. The duns are much lighter than
either emerger version. I'm not sure this makes much difference because they
hatch under low light conditions but they also hatch in very clear water that's
usually low. This one is the plain emerger, which imitates the nymph just after the
wing pad splits open.

This one's the trailing shuck version (Antron trailing shuck) which is more like the
dun than the nymph, or just when the nymphal shuck is dropping off the newly
emerged dun.

This is an image of a couple of duns, male (big eyes) and female (little eyes). Angie
shot these images when they were crawling on her fly vest (lying on the ground) on
the West Prong of the Little Pigeon River.

2011 James Marsh