Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
9.    Sulphurs
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Giant Black Stoneflies
12.  Golden Stoneflies
13.  Slate Drakes
14.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
15.  Inch Worms

Fishing Low, Slower Moving Water - Part Three -
Miscellaneous Tips and Techniques

Slow Water: The lower the water, the slower the flows. The slower the flows, the
smoother the surface of the water and the more time and opportunity the trout have
to examine your fly. It becomes more difficult to hide the fact your fly is tied to a
tippet, leader and fly line.

1. One important and easy thing to do, is to go to lighter terminal tackle. Use lighter
and longer tippet and leaders. Where you may normally use a 5X tippet for your dry
fly, go down to a 6X. Where you normally would use a seven and a half foot leader,
use a nine foot leader.

2. Where as you may normally straighten your line out of the cast in fast water, use
crooked, slack-line cast that puts the fly in front of the trout before they can see the
tippet or leader. I use a reach, pile or curve cast on just about every presentation.

3. Where you may normally only make a cast in an upstream direction, when
appropriate, you a downstream presentation. This is especially important when
fishing mayfly spinner falls and in many cases, when fishing for trout feeding on egg
laying caddis or stoneflies.

4. A very important tip is to use better imitations of the naturals. Use Perfect Flies.
The generic flies that match a little of everything but not much of anything, don't
work near as well under these lower and slower moving water conditions. Attractor
flies should stay in your fly box. Our Perfect Flies will prove to be very valuable
under these conditions. They are far more realistic in appearance and in matching
the insects behavior than any flies sold commercially.

Low Water: The low water levels makes the trout even more cautious than they
normally are. The trout become more aware of overhead predators. They tend to
stay hidden more. It's  much easier for the trout to spot you. The rainbows that will
normally feed near the surface in the higher, faster water, will become much more
cautious about where and when they feed. They will tend to feed less on the
surface and more within the water column. About the only place they will hold near
the surface is underneath the surface disturbance created by plunges. The brown
trout will venture out from their hiding places less frequently and under lower
lighting conditions than they normally would.

1. Take advantage of all low light conditions. The lower the light level, the less
cautious the trout are. Fish earlier and later in the day. Fish anytime the skies are
heavily overcast.

2. Fish on the bottom of the deepest runs you can find. Fish nymphs beneath
undercut banks and near boulders with ledges that the brown trout can hide
beneath. Focus on putting your fly where the trout tend to hide.

3. If the water temperatures are on the higher side, ranging from the low to the high
sixties, fish beneath the plunges and the fastest water you can find. The trout will
begin to seek the most oxygenated water. If it is higher than sixty-eight, I suggest
you move to a higher elevation where the water is at a lower temperature. Fishing
early and late in the day will also help this situation.

Wading: Wading without spooking the trout becomes more difficult than it normally
is. It means you are higher above the water than you normally would be wading in
the same areas. This makes it easier for the trout to spot you. Where the water
level is normally just above your knees, it may be only boot deep.

1. Approach areas you want to fish from behind boulders and any other type of
cover you can find.

2. Stay as low as possible. For every foot of height reduction, you will be able to get
five or six feet closer to the trout without them detecting your presence. There's
nothing wrong with fishing while your on your knees.

3. Dress in clothes that match the surroundings. At this time of the year, you should
look more like your are going on a spring turkey hunting trip than a fishing trip.

4. Wear polarized glasses. This is not so much to see the fish, but more
importantly, it lets you see the bottom of the stream. Cutting out the glare will let
you pick and choose the best locations to wade the stream without spooking the
trout. If you can't see the bottom of the water where your wading, your far more apt
to make unnecessary movements, create more noise and spook the trout.

5. Avoid casting a shadow across the water you plan on fishing.

2011 James Marsh