Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
9.    Sulphurs
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Giant Black Stoneflies
12.  Golden Stoneflies
13.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
14.  Inch Worms

Golden Stonefly Adults
In the Smokies, the female Golden Stoneflies can be found depositing their eggs
during the daylight hours every once in a while. The cloudy, overcast, low light days
are best because the stoneflies will start the egg laying process earlier in the day. It
would be a rare occasion that you would find Giant Stoneflies doing that.  The
Goldens offers the only opportunity to catch trout that are feeding on very large
egg laying stoneflies, although I would certainly admit that you probably won't
exactly find them blanketing the water.

Like most stoneflies,  the adult Golden Stoneflies don't get in the water until the
female deposits her eggs. The males don't ever get in the water at all unless they
accidentally fall or get blown in the water by strong winds. They hatch out of the
water and they mate and die out of the water. These large stoneflies can live for
several days after hatching. You may well see them flying around some days and in
the bushes and trees but that doesn't necessarily mean they are laying their eggs.

If you do find a few females dipping down to the surface of the water depositing
their eggs, you may want to try an imitation of them. Trout will definitely eat the
egg laying females. Most likely you would encounter this activity very late in the
afternoon. If clouds have covered the sun for some time, they may begin earlier
in the day.

Adult Presentation:
The key to the presentation, is to watch the water for the stoneflies that are
depositing their eggs. That is exactly where you want to fish. They are large
enough that they are easy to spot.

You want to catch to them the easiest way you can get the fly there. They deposit
their eggs in the same water they hatch in. This is faster water, usually riffles and
runs. They are not found in slow moving, smooth water.

"Perfect Fly" Golden Stonefly Adult

2011 James Marsh